E-lert Archive / Archive du cyberavis



E-Lert # 458 / Cyberavis numéro 458

Friday February 10, 2012 / vendredi 10 février 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


Supreme Court rules ISPs not subject to broadcast regulations

Divide and Conquer: Update on the Google Books Lawsuit

Copyright bill debate limited by government

Open Letter to Elsevier

CANARIE’s five-year mandate up for review
Renouvellement du mandat quinquennal de CANARIE

Help Preserve the Canadian Public Domain: Speak Out on the Trans Pacific Partnership Negotiations



Doyle Introduces Bill to Ensure Public Access to Federally-Funded Research
February 9, 2012

U.S. Representative Mike Doyle (D-PA) today introduced bipartisan legislation that directs federal agencies to encourage open public access to federally funded scientific research. “Americans have the right to see the results of research funded with taxpayer dollars,” Congressman Doyle said in introducing the Federal Research Public Access Act.  “Yet such research too often gets locked away behind a pay-wall, forcing those who want to learn from it to pay expensive subscription fees for access.” *

Supreme Court rules ISPs not subject to broadcast regulations
Steve Ladurantaye

Globe and Mail, February 9, 2012

Canada's Internet service providers aren't bound by the country's broadcast regulations, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled. Cultural groups argued that companies such as Bell and Rogers that provide Internet connections to their customers should be considered broadcasters, because they distribute content. “An ISP does not engage with these policy objectives when it is merely providing the mode of transmission,” the court ruled as it dismissed the challenge.*

Divide and Conquer: Update on the Google Books Lawsuit
George H. Pike

Information Today, February 9, 2012

This year will mark the seventh anniversary of the lawsuit pitting the Google Books project against a coalition of authors, publishers, photographers, and other copyright owners. Notwithstanding the years that have passed, a series of recent developments have kick-started the lawsuit from settlement talks back to the litigation process. However, those same developments suggest a number of directions the lawsuit could take, ranging anywhere from a quick dismissal of the case to years of further litigation that could ultimately restructure U.S. and worldwide copyright law.*

Copyright bill debate limited by government
Meagan Fitzpatrick

CBC News, February 8, 2012

Following that debate and a vote, the bill will go to a committee for further study. "We want to get this done and it's time the opposition stop delaying," Heritage Minister James Moore said as debate on the time allocation motion got underway Thursday after question period. He said there will be opportunities for substantive debate at the committee stage and that the government wants to hear proposed amendments from the opposition parties. The opposition parties, however, complained that the government is "muzzling" debate and stifling democracy with its repeated use of time allocation on its legislation.*
[Of related interest: Can Canada’s flawed copyright bill be stopped? Peter Nowak, Globe and Mail, February 9, 2012 http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/tech-news/can-canadas-version-of-sopa-be-stopped/article2331237/]

California Digital Library Joins PKP as Major Development Partner in Open Access Publishing
Catherine Mitchell, Director of Publishing, February 7, 2012

As the scholarly publishing landscape heats up with more talk of boycotts and Open Access mandates, research libraries increasingly find themselves at a crossroads between publishers and faculty — and eagerly working to provide new solutions to entrenched problems.  The California Digital Library’s (CDL) latest foray into this space, on behalf of the University of California system, focuses on supporting open source publishing infrastructure through a major development partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP). Chuck Eckman, Dean of Library Services at Simon Fraser University stated: “The California Digital Library is widely recognized for its record of innovation and leadership in the domain of scholarly publishing and the SFU Library is thrilled at the prospects this new collaborative venture creates for advancing our shared scholarly communication goals.”  Laine Farley, Executive Director of CDL, noted, “Not only are we extremely pleased with the flexibility afforded by OJS, we are also delighted to join this growing international community and contribute to the future growth of this publishing solution.”*

Open Letter to Elsevier
Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR)

February 6, 2012

The Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) joins the research community in condemning Elsevier for its recent business practices and lobbying that undermine policies and activities promoting open access to scholarly literature. While many commercial publishers are working to adapt their business models to rising demands for open access.  COAR strongly opposes the changes made by Elsevier to its article posting policies. These policies prohibit authors affiliated with institutions or agencies that have open access mandates to deposit copies of their articles into an open access repository unless their institution signs a very restrictive agreement with Elsevier.*

CANARIE’s five-year mandate up for review
Michael Smith

University Affairs, February 6, 2012

Canada’s research community has concerns about the future of CANARIE,Canada’s Advanced Research and Innovation Network, whose five-year funding mandate is up for renewal this March, at a time when the federal government is preparing for some serious belt-tightening. The 18-year-old organization is charged with building and managing the country’s high-speed research computing network, which includes some 19,000 km of fibre-optic cable, connecting all of the country’s universities, research hospitals, colleges, government labs and even a slew of grade schools.*
Renouvellement du mandat quinquennal de CANARIE
Michael Smith

Affaires universitaires, 6 février 2012

Le milieu de la recherche du Canada est préoccupé par l’avenir du Réseau évolué de recherche et d’innovation du Canada (CANARIE), dont le mandat quinquennal de financement arrive à échéance en mars, alors que le gouvernement s’apprête à réduire considérablement ses dépenses. Créée il y a 18 ans, l’organisation est responsable de la construction et de la gestion du réseau informatique haute vitesse consacré à la recherche du pays, lequel est composé de quelque 19 000 km de câbles à fibres optiques qui relient les universités, les hôpitaux de recherche, les collèges, les laboratoires gouvernementaux et même des écoles primaires.*

Google Begins Building 1-Gigabit Internet Service in Kansas City
Jon Mitchell

Read Write Web, February 6, 2011

Google broke ground on the super-fast fiber optic network it plans to build for the lucky residents of Kansas City, Kan. They'll get a 1 gigabit-per-second Internet connection, which will offer downloads 100 times faster than what most Americans get. Uploads will be a thousand times faster than average.*

A New Question of Internet Freedom
David Jolly

The New York Times, February 5, 2012

European activists who participated in American Internet protests last month learned that there was political power to be harnessed on the Web. Now they are putting that knowledge to use in an effort to defeat new global rules for intellectual property.*

La banque de cerveaux du Douglas va doubler
Pauline Gravel

Le Devoir, 2 février 2012

La banque de cerveaux de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale Douglas pourra doubler sa capacité d'entreposage grâce à un don de 2 millions de dollars offert par Bell Canada. L'annonce de cet apport financier a particulièrement réjoui les chercheurs s'intéressant aux maladies mentales étant donné qu'il s'agit de pathologies propres à l'humain qui ne peuvent être étudiées que sur des cerveaux humains.*

Will Academics' Boycott Of Elsevier Be The Tipping Point For Open Access -- Or Another Embarrassing Flop?
Glyn Moody

Tech Dirt, January 31, 2012

It's now widely recognized that the extreme demands of SOPA/PIPA catalyzed a new activism within the Net world, epitomized by the blackout effected by sites like Wikipedia on January 18. But SOPA and PIPA are not the only attacks by the copyright industries on the digital commons: another is the Research Works Act (RWA), which attempts to remove the public's right to read the articles written by tax-funded researchers in open access journals form. But, like SOPA/PIPA, RWA may have been an intellectual land-grab too far. It has provoked a rebellion by academics that might provide the final push needed to move academic publishing from its current mode, dominated by hugely-profitable corporations that require payment for most of their output, to one based around open access journals, with smaller profits, but whose articles are freely available online to all.*

Help Preserve the Canadian Public Domain: Speak Out on the Trans Pacific Partnership Negotiations
Michael Geist, January 6, 2012

Canada celebrated New Year's Day this year by welcoming the likes of Ernest Hemingway and Carl Jung into the public domain just as European countries were celebrating the arrival of James Joyce and Virginia Woolf, 20 years after both entered the Canadian public domain. Canada's term of copyright meets the international standard of life of the author plus 50 years, which has now become a competitive advantage when compared to the United States, Australia, and Europe, which have copyright terms that extend an additional 20 years (without any evidence of additional public benefits). In an interesting coincidence, the Canadian government filed notice of a public consultation on December 31, 2011 on the possible Canadian entry into the Trans Pacific Partnership negotiations, trade talks that could result in an extension in the term of copyright that would mean nothing new would enter the Canadian public domain until 2032 or beyond.*



Filling the IT Leadership Pipeline: A Panel Discussion
Bruce Maas, Brian Paige, Michael Ridley, Theresa Rowe, Bo Wandschneider, and Melissa Woo

EDUCAUSE Review, January/February 2012

Six CIOs and senior technology leaders talk about their backgrounds, the strengths and skills needed for future CIOs, and the challenges of preparing the next generation of CIOs. They list the most critical competencies for current and future CIOs, and they debate whether these competencies are changing.*

The Orphan Wars
James Grimmelmann

EDUCAUSE Review, January/February 2012

“Orphan books”—books that are in copyright but whose copyright owners can't be found—have been in the news lately, thanks to lawsuits over Google's plan to scan a copy of every book ever published. What started as a project to make a better search engine has gradually become a focal point for debate over whether the legal system can find a way to rescue the orphans from copyright limbo. Some of the libraries working with Google have announced plans to make available to their patrons digital versions of the books they think are orphans; an authors’ group has sued to stop them. The orphans took center stage in the spring and summer of 2011, as HathiTrust members created the Orphan Works Project. This project was intended to investigate the available author and publisher information about potential orphan book. On September 12, the Authors Guild filed a lawsuit against HathiTrust and five of its member libraries, including the University of Michigan, Indiana University, and Cornell University.*

Enough, Already: The SOPA Debate Ignores How Much Copyright Protection We Already Have
Margot Kaminski

The Atlantic, February 8 2012

When it comes to copyright enforcement, American content companies are already armed to the teeth, yet they persist in using secretly negotiated trade agreements to further their agenda.*

The impact of open access on research and scholarship Reflections on the Berlin 9 Open Access Conference

Heather Joseph
College & Research Libraries News, February 2012

The recent Berlin 9 Open Access Conference presented a striking reflection of the evolution of the scholarly community’s attitude towards open access. No debate, no controversy—this meeting of high-level research funders, policy makers, university administrators, librarians, publishers, and scholars focused squarely on the impact that open access can have on each phase of the research process. Hosted by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and sponsored by a broad spectrum of organizations from the National Endowment for the Humanities to the Marine Biological Laboratory to SPARC, the meeting underscored the central role that open access now plays as part of the research infrastructure in the humanities and social sciences, as well as in the hard sciences.*

Innovation? What innovation? Re-thinking progress and how we measure it
Jeremy de Beer

FedCan Big Thinking Lecture Series, February 7, 2012

CHFSS kicked off the Winter 2012 Big Thinking series on January 31 with Professor Jeremy de Beer from the University of Ottawa. Held in partnership with the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC), the event drew over 150 MPs, Senators and public servants, as well as many university presidents who were in town as part of AUCC’s Day on the Hill. Prof. de Beer’s talk, Innovation? What innovation? Re-thinking progress and how we measure it, explored new options for considering intellectual property and how policies can best encourage new, creative research. He argued for a more holistic approach to innovation, one that values the contributions of the social sciences and humanities, while also challenging the ways we traditionally measure progress.*

A New Net
Tom Simonite

Technology Review, March/April 2012

A startup called Nicira is launching a product today with the audacious goal of making all Internet services smarter, faster, and cheaper.*

L’archivage électronique est-il voué à l’échec?
Lourdes Fuentes-Hashimoto

Archives Online, 6 février 2012

Au-delà du titre volontairement provocateur, posons-nous sérieusement la question: l’archivage électronique est-il voué à l’échec? Derrière cette question, il s’agit en réalité de s’interroger sur les obstacles rencontrés par tout service d’archives publiques qui essaye de mettre en place une politique d’archivage électronique (que ce soit dans les collectivités territoriales ou dans l’administration centrale). Quel sont donc ces obstacles?*

Gluttony Goes Viral
Rob Goodman

The Chronicle Review, January 15, 2012

Goodman writes: “When we try to hold the Internet in a single thought, we reach for an image of exhilaration, of liberation, of flight: "the Information Superhighway"; "surfing the Web"; data zipping through candy-colored cables straight into our homes. This is the Internet as it, in theory, ought to be: the world's information and entertainment instantly accessible, and we at our screens, poised, enthralled, and weightless. I want to suggest another image, one that comes closer to the Internet in practice: a great groaning table, creaking under bottomless platters of food and pitchers of drink, and we in our chairs, too exhausted to stand, mouths too numb to taste much, but with just enough energy to reach for more.”*

Threats to Digital Lending
Carrie Russell

American Libraries, January 12, 2012

When the Kansas Digital Library Consortium’s contract with digital-content distributor OverDrive was up for renewal last year, two issues made Kansas State Librarian Joanne Budler decide it was time to move on and transfer the ebook titles to another vendor who could offer a better deal. First, OverDrive planned to raise license fees by almost 700% by 2014. But even more disturbing was a change to the contract that would have changed the consortium’s ownership of the ebooks to a subscription.*



NMC Horizon Report: 2012 Higher Education Edition
Larry Johnson et al

New Media Consortium

The internationally recognized NMC Horizon Report series and regional NMC Technology Outlooks are part of the NMC Horizon Project, a comprehensive research venture established in 2002 that identifies and describes emerging technologies likely to have a large impact over the coming five years in education around the globe. This volume, the NMC Horizon Report: 2012 Higher Education Edition was again produced in a collaborative effort with the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative, an EDUCAUSE Program, and examines emerging technologies for their potential impact on teaching, learning, and creative inquiry within the higher education environment.*

Mapping the Data Landscape: Report of the 2011 Canadian Research Data Summit
Research Data Strategy Working Group, December 2011

Canada invests billions of dollars in research each year, research that produces huge amounts of data. If properly managed, these data hold virtually unlimited potential to be re-used in innovative ways – by industry, policy makers, researchers and citizens. Unfortunately, in Canada, this potential remains unrealized. Canada is one of the few advanced countries that do not yet have a national plan for managing the research data produced through public funding. As a result, valuable data are under-utilized and an important publicly funded asset is being wasted.*

UK Scholarly Reading and the Value of Library Resources
Carol Tenopir et al

JISC Collections, February 1, 2012

Based on research carried out by Professor Carol Tenopir from the Center for Information and Communication Studies at the University of Tennessee, this report examines how valuable scholarly reading has become for academics, especially in terms of access to journal articles. It surveyed academic and associate staff at 6 UK Higher Education institutions in 2011. From the academics’ perspective, the University Library remains the first choice for access to scholarly material because it provides a wide range of high quality articles in a timely and cost-effective manner. In this respect, the University Library can rightly stake its claim to having an integral role in the academic research process, not just a supporting one.*

NISO/NFAIS Supplemental Journal Article Materials Project
Draft for Public Comment / NISO RP-15-201x, Recommended Practices for Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials – Part A: Business Working Group Recommendations

Comment Period: January 30, 2012 – February 29, 2012

This joint project from NISO and NFAIS (the National Federation of Advanced Information Services) aims to develop a Recommended Practice for publisher inclusion, handling, display, and preservation of supplemental journal article materials. This project follows on the recommendation made by attendees at the January 2010 joint NISO/NFAIS meeting on this topic, held at the APA offices in Washington, DC.*

Rendering Matters - Report on the results of research into digital object rendering
Euan Cochrane

Archives New Zealand, January 31, 2012

Archives New Zealand anticipates receiving for preservation a large quantity of office administration files (word processing documents, spreadsheets, presentations and databases) over coming decades. Upon receiving these records Archives New Zealand needs to make decisions about how best to preserve and provide access to them now and in the future. The research documented in this report is intended to inform decision making by providing examples of the efficacy and impact of different approaches that are currently available.  Maintaining the ability of an organization or user to be able to “open” or “render” a file or set of files is one of the core digital preservation challenges. The Rendering Matters report outlines the results of research investigating whether changes are introduced to the information that is presented to users when files are rendered in different hardware and software environments. The report concludes with a set of observations about the impact of the research and provides some recommendations for future research in this area.*

Join the campaign of the Canadian Consortium for Research to grow support for research in Canada

There is again a substantial possibility that this year’s federal Budget will be a bad one for research: cuts to the Granting Councils are a very real possibility.  Substantial cuts to in-house government science have already started, notably at Environment Canada.  The context is the federal Strategic and Operating Review which required all departments to propose a departmental budget based on an overall cut of (a) 5% and (b) 10%.  Final decisions will be made by senior ministers.   Presumably, cuts to the Granting Councils, and/or more cuts to government science, may well be proposed under this exercise.   It is therefore very important  that the voice of the research community be heard!  The CCR has developed a letter template for MPs that can be modified and reviewed before sending.*


Unglue.It is a service provided by Gluejar, Inc. It's a place for individuals and institutions to join together to liberate specific e-books and other types of digital content by paying rights holders to relicense their works under Creative Commons licenses. What does this mean? Readers and libraries everywhere can join together to set books free. Authors and publishers get the compensation they deserve. Books that are out of print, not available as e-books, or otherwise hard to enjoy will be available for everyone to read, share, and learn from freely and legally.*



IFLA Presidential Programme: Libraries - A Force for Change
Vancouver, BC, Canada April 12-14, 2012

This meeting will be the opportunity for all those interested in Indigenous and traditional knowledge, its creation, organization and access, to better understand the local and global issues under discussion in various parts of the world and by many types of cultural, heritage, and community groups and organizations. The program includes distinguished speakers from around the world representing many viewpoints and interests. Through the sharing of knowledge and experiences, we hope to advance the understanding of traditional knowledge at both the local and international levels. The results will inform the development of legal instruments, policies and practices related to the organization of Indigenous and traditional knowledge around the world.*

Code of Best Practices in Fair Use: Rollout Webcast, Jan. 26, 2012
[In case you missed it]

Association of Research Libraries

This webcast introduced the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries on the day of the Code's release, January 26, 2012. The Code facilitators—Patricia Aufderheide of the Center for Social Media at American University, Brandon Butler of ARL, and Peter Jaszi of the American University Law School—delivered a brief presentation on the contents of the Code, followed by a question-and-answer session.


*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.