E-lert Archive / Archive du cyberavis

 


E-Lert # 460 / Cyberavis numéro 460

Friday February 24, 2012 / vendredi 24 février 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

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E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


TOP STORIES IN THIS ISSUE / ARTICLES PRINCIPAUX DANS CE NUMÉRO

Muzzling of Canadian federal scientists makes international headlines
http://www.universityaffairs.ca/muzzling-canadian-federal-scientists-makes-international-headlines.aspx

Fair-Use Guide Seeks to Solve Librarians’ VHS-Cassette Problem
http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/fair-use-guide-hopes-to-solve-librarians-vhs-cassette-problem/35151

Digital Fuel of the 21st Century: Innovation through Open Data and the Network Effect
http://www.hks.harvard.edu/presspol/publications/papers/discussion_papers/d70_kundra.html

The Gentleman’s Magazine – the 18th Century answer to Google
http://library.otago.ac.nz/exhibitions/gentlemansmagazine/index.html

 

NEWS/ NOUVELLES

Pour un État à l'ère du numérique
Fabien Deglise

Le Devoir, 23 février 2012

La révolution de la communication en format mobile qui se joue en ce moment dans les poches des citoyens, par l'entremise des téléphones intelligents, risque de mettre une pression importante sur les budgets de l'État, qui, pour adapter ses services à cette réalité, va devoir miser sur une collaboration accrue avec des citoyens-programmeurs et sur des politiques d'accès libre à ses données. Québec devrait également s'inspirer des entreprises privées et déplacer ses services publics dans les réseaux sociaux, ont estimé hier les participants au premier GouvCamp, une conférence participative atypique visant à réfléchir sur le rôle de l'État au temps du numérique. Une cinquantaine de fonctionnaires, spécialistes des technologies et penseurs de la modernité y ont pris part.*
http://www.ledevoir.com/societe/science-et-technologie/343421/pour-un-etat-a-l-ere-du-numerique


Smartphone app privacy breaches spark tougher data policies in U.S.
Michael Liedtke

Globe and Mail, February 23, 2012

California is clamping down on nosy mobile applications, telling them they must give people advance warning if they want to keep pulling sensitive information from smartphones and computer tablets. The crackdown comes six months after California Attorney General Kamala Harris began discussing the need for better privacy protections with six powerful companies that have shaped the mobile computing market, spawning nearly 1 million applications over the past four years.*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/tech-news/smartphone-app-privacy-breaches-spark-tougher-data-policies-in-us/article2347256/


Muzzling of Canadian federal scientists makes international headlines
Véronique Morin

University Affairs, February 21, 2012

Attendees at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science heard from reporters that the Canadian federal government is controlling interviews with government scientists, by scripting answers for them or denying them access to journalists. The session was reported widely by international media. The symposium, organized by several groups including associations of Canadian science writers and of scientists, has been recorded and is available online.*
http://www.universityaffairs.ca/muzzling-canadian-federal-scientists-makes-international-headlines.aspx


Liberté d'expression réclamée pour les scientifiques fédéraux
Amélie Daoust-Boisvert

Le Devoir, 17 février 2012

Les journalistes et les communicateurs scientifiques canadiens ont dénoncé hier le musellement des scientifiques fédéraux par Ottawa, lors d'un des plus grands congrès scientifiques au monde, celui de l'American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), qui se tient à Vancouver.*


Toews’s 'child pornographers' gaffe aside, Bill C-30 has real dangers
Ivor Tossell

Globe and Mail, February 21, 2012

Tossell writes: “With thanks to Mr. Toews for volunteering for pinata duty, it's time to move past the minister. Vic Toews' flying circus is a cartoonish distraction from troubling legislation. The dangers hidden in this bill are subtler than they might seem.”*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/digital-culture/ivor-tossell/toewss-child-pornographers-gaffe-aside-bill-c-30-has-real-dangers/article2344551/


One Year Later, HarperCollins Sticking to 26-Loan Cap, and Some Librarians Rethink Opposition
Michael Kelley

The Digital Shift, February 17, 2012

One year ago, when HarperCollins Publishers implemented its 26-loan cap for library ebook lending, the new policy brought down upon the publishing house all the thunder that the library world could conjure — from petitions to boycotts. But over the past year, as the library market has been further roiled, as other companies, such as Penguin Group, essentially stepped back from the market altogether, HarperCollins has remained not only committed to its model but also to the market. And for this, it is receiving from some librarians, if not praise, at least a sober reappraisal — even from some of those who are holding firm to their boycott.*
http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/02/ebooks/one-year-later-harpercollins-sticking-to-26-loan-cap-and-some-librarians-rethink-opposition/


Fair-Use Guide Seeks to Solve Librarians’ VHS-Cassette Problem
Nick DeSantis

The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 25, 2012

The Association of Research Libraries might have a solution to what some librarians call “the VHS-cassette problem.” Here’s the scenario: An academic library has a collection of video tapes that is slowly deteriorating, thanks to the fragile nature of analog media. A librarian would like to digitize the collection for future use, but avoids making the copies out of fear that doing so would violate copyright law. And the institution’s attorneys have advised the librarian that the fair-use principle, which might offer a way to make copies legally, is too flexible to rely on.*
http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/fair-use-guide-hopes-to-solve-librarians-vhs-cassette-problem/35151

 

ARTICLES

Digital Fuel of the 21st Century: Innovation through Open Data and the Network Effect
Vivek Kundra

Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy
Discussion Paper Series, January 2012

In today's age of information, data is supremely important. We generate and store more data today than any other time in history. In fact, data is predicted to continue along its exponential growth curve to 1.8 zettabytes in 2011. To get a sense of this exponential growth, a zettabyte is a trillion gigabytes; that's 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000. If this data isn't sliced, diced and cubed to separate signal from noise, it can be useless. But, when made available to the public and combined with the network effect—defined by Reed's Law, which asserts that the utility of large networks, particularly social networks, can scale exponentially with the size of the network—society has the potential to drive massive social, political and economic change.*
http://www.hks.harvard.edu/presspol/publications/papers/discussion_papers/d70_kundra.html


What's Black and White and Retweeted All Over? Teaching news literacy in the digital age
Renée Loth

Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy
Discussion Paper Series, February 2012

The problem of an ill-informed American citizenry is not new; Marshall McLuhan and Newton Minow were lamenting the mass media’s tendency to distort and distract 50 years ago, back when the Internet’s creative disruption was but a dream. But today, the media landscape is so mercurial it can hardly be charted on a map. It’s not so much Minow’s vast wasteland as a vast wilderness, with no guideposts, no gatekeepers, no filters, no boundaries.*
http://www.hks.harvard.edu/presspol/publications/papers/discussion_papers/d71_loth.pdf


Joining the Movement: A Call to Action
Barbara Fister

Library Journal, February 16, 2012

Fister writes: “Something interesting is happening. People are beginning to see connections and patterns and thinking, “It’s not just my corner of the information infrastructure that’s borked. The whole thing is messed up. And I think I can see why.” This isn’t just a library issue anymore; it’s an issue many scholars and ordinary citizens are seeing as their own fight.”*
http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/02/opinion/barbara-fister/joining-the-movement-a-call-to-action-peer-to-peer-review/


The 'Undue Weight' of Truth on Wikipedia
Timothy Messer-Kruse

The Chronicle Review, February 12, 2012

Messer-Kruse writes: “For the past 10 years I've immersed myself in the details of one of the most famous events in American labor history, the Haymarket riot and trial of 1886. Along the way I've written two books and a couple of articles about the episode. In some circles that affords me a presumption of expertise on the subject. Not, however, on Wikipedia.”*
http://chronicle.com/article/The-Undue-Weight-of-Truth-on/130704/


A Tech-Happy Professor Reboots After Hearing His Teaching Advice Isn't Working
Jeffrey R. Young

The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 12, 2012

Michael Wesch has been on the lecture circuit for years touting new models of active teaching with technology. The associate professor of cultural anthropology at Kansas State University has given TED talks. Wired magazine gave him a Rave Award. The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching once named him a national professor of the year. But now Mr. Wesch finds himself rethinking the fundamentals of teaching—and questioning his own advice.*
http://chronicle.com/article/A-Tech-Happy-Professor-Reboots/130741/


'Academically Adrift': The News Gets Worse and Worse
Kevin Carey

The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 12, 2012

Carey writes: “In the last few months of 2010, rumors began circulating among higher-education policy geeks that the University of Chicago Press was about to publish a new book written by a pair of very smart sociologists who were trying to answer a question to which most people thought they already knew the answer: How much do students learn while they're in college? Their findings, one heard, were ... interesting.”*
http://chronicle.com/article/Academically-Adrift-The/130743/


U.S. Education in Chinese Lock Step? Bad Move.
Brian P. Coppola and Yong Zhao

The Chronicle of Higher Education, February 5, 2012

In the United States, through programs such as No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, as well as calls for more standardization and accountability in higher education, we are embracing the sort of regimented, uniform, standards-based, and test-driven education that has dominated Asian education systems for thousands of years. What seems to be underappreciated is how actively the Asian systems are trying to embrace the values and outcomes that we appear to be so willing to abandon: specifically, the American penchant for promoting creativity, individualism, innovation, and nonconformity. In other words, for developing and nurturing the diverse talent that can result from an ethos of coloring outside the lines.*
http://chronicle.com/article/US-Education-in-Chinese/130669/

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Electronic doctoral theses in the UK: a sector-wide survey into policies, practice and barriers to Open Access
M. Moyle et al
UK Council for Graduate Education, 2012

Sharing knowledge and research outputs is critical to the progress of science and human development, and a central tenet of academia. The Internet itself is a product of the academic community, and opening access to that community’s most important body of research, doctoral theses, is both a logical and an inevitable development. Progress toward open access to electronic theses has been slow in the UK. Much has been written on the perceived barriers and practical/infrastructural considerations that might explain this, but a comprehensive picture of that progress, and obstacles to it, has been lacking. The key driver of open access to electronic theses is the opportunity for UK HEIs to “showcase” their research outputs to the widest possible audience and enhance their impact. There are no reliable means as yet to measure this impact, but there are encouraging early indications that electronic doctoral theses attract significant attention when made openly accessible. Open access to electronic theses may therefore indeed accelerate the sharing of knowledge and the progress of scientific discovery and human development.*
http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1339905/


Trends in college spending 1999 – 2009
Donna M. Desrochers and Jane V. Wellman

Delta Cost Project, 2011

Trends in College Spending, 1999–2009: Where does the money come from? Where does it go? What does it buy? is the fourth in a series of reports on college and university spending from the Delta Cost Project on Postsecondary Education Costs, Productivity, and Accountability. The mission of the Delta Cost Project is to improve public accountability for spending in higher education through the presentation of measures that put financial information into context, showing how money is spent and how that spending relates to institutional performance.*
http://www.deltacostproject.org/resources/pdf/Trends2011_Final_090711.pdf


Reality Check: A Vital Update to the Landmark 2002 NCES Study of Nontraditional College
Students

Apollo Research Institute, September 2011

As college enrollment accelerated during the late 1990s, the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) conducted a landmark study for the U.S. Department of Education using data to examine the characteristics of undergraduate college students. The first NCES study emphasized the importance of using current data to report trends about the characteristics of undergraduates. Nearly a decade later, no researchers have updated the 2002 report using more recent data that would reflect the frequency of nontraditional characteristics of 21st-century college students. Because subsequent researchers have recognized significant growth in the number of nontraditional adult learners, the present study updates the original NCES profile with 2008 data to enable educational stakeholders to make better-informed decisions about curricula, policies, and funding.*
http://apolloresearchinstitute.com/research-studies/nontraditional-students/reality-check-vital-update-landmark-2002-nces-study


The Gentleman’s Magazine – the 18th Century answer to Google

University of Otago Library

Edward Cave's Gentleman's Magazine, was a 'repository of all things worth mentioning'. It was the first 'magazine' in the modern sense. It was also the most important periodical in 18th century England, reflecting in its pages the diversity of Georgian life, politics and culture. Writers such as Dr Johnson, John Hawkesworth, Richard Savage, and Anna Seward were just a few of the thousands who contributed to it. Dealing with almost every imaginable fact and fantasy, it was the first source to refer to. This fact truly makes the Gentleman's Magazine the 18th century answer to Google. Every page is a surprise in this early searchable hard-copy database. Special Collections, University of Otago Library, is fortunate to have an entire run of the Gentleman's Magazine from 1731 to 1866. It remains an inexhaustible mine of information for scholars of eighteenth century life, and because of the wealth of genealogical information and records, it has become an important resource for family historians.*
http://library.otago.ac.nz/exhibitions/gentlemansmagazine/index.html

 

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

SPARC Open Access Meeting
Kansas City, Missouri, March 11 – 13, 2012

The meeting program includes a track for digital repositories. Kathleen Shearer, chair of COAR’s (Confederation of Open Access Repositories) working group 1 will moderate the theme “Digital repositories – building a worldwide infrastructure alongside trust for authors and users” focusing on interoperability and the integration of repositories in the e-research environment. The overall conference program, developed by librarians, publishers, analysts, scholars, and technologists from five countries, will consider developments across four topic areas such as national and institutional policy adoption, digital repositories, author rights and gold OA publishing.*
http://www.arl.org/sparc/meetings/oa12/oa12-program/index.shtml


IFLA Presidential Programme: Libraries - A Force for Change
Vancouver, BC, Canada April 12-14, 2012

This meeting will be the opportunity for all those interested in Indigenous and traditional knowledge, its creation, organization and access, to better understand the local and global issues under discussion in various parts of the world and by many types of cultural, heritage, and community groups and organizations. The program includes distinguished speakers from around the world representing many viewpoints and interests. Through the sharing of knowledge and experiences, we hope to advance the understanding of traditional knowledge at both the local and international levels. The results will inform the development of legal instruments, policies and practices related to the organization of Indigenous and traditional knowledge around the world.*
http://iflaindigenousknowledges2012.ok.ubc.ca/


The Memory of the World in the Digital Age: Digitization and Preservation – call for sponsorship
Vancouver, British Columbia, September 26 - 28, 2012

The safeguard of digital documents is a fundamental issue that touches everyone, yet most people are unaware of the risk of loss or the magnitude of resources needed for long-term protection. This Conference will provide a platform to showcase major initiatives in the area while scaling up awareness of issues in order to find solutions at a global level.*
http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/CI_Information_Meetings/mow_20_anniversary_call_sponsors_en.pdf



*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.