E-lert Archive / Archive du cyberavis

E-Lert # 467 / Cyberavis numéro 467

Friday April 13, 2012 / vendredi 13 avril 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


TOP STORIES IN THIS ISSUE / ARTICLES PRINCIPAUX DANS CE NUMÉRO

Library Advocate Opposes ACTA before European Parliament
http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/04/copyright/library-advocate-opposes-acta-before-european-parliament/

Tech-giant IBM, Ontario universities launch supercomputing initiative
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/universitynews/tech-giant-ibm-ontario-universities-launch-supercomputing-initiative/article2397155/

World Bank Announces Open Access Policy for Research and Knowledge, Launches Open Knowledge Repository
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Implications of Federal Budget for SSHRC
http://jovanevery.ca/implications-of-federal-budget-for-sshrc/

Everything You Wanted to Know About Data Mining but Were Afraid to Ask
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/04/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-data-mining-but-were-afraid-to-ask/255388/

Think Like A Startup: a white paper to inspire library entrepreneurialism
http://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/handle/10919/18649


NEWS/ NOUVELLES

Library Advocate Opposes ACTA before European Parliament
Meredith Schwartz
Library Journal, April 11, 2012

Stuart Hamilton, the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)’s Director of Policy & Advocacy raised concerns about the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) at a stakeholder hearing in the European Parliament on April 11. Libraries are concerned that the non-transparent ACTA negotiations pose a threat to the balance of copyright, Hamilton said, and the content is as much a problem as the process: ACTA’s objectives and methods endanger the balance of copyright, and seriously conflict with the library community’s commitments to equitable access to information and cultural expression.*
http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/04/copyright/library-advocate-opposes-acta-before-european-parliament/


Attaque virale contre les Mac
Le Devoir, 11 avril 2012

Les utilisateurs d'ordinateurs Mac ne peuvent désormais plus se montrer indifférents devant les risques de virus et d'attaques cybernétiques, mettent en garde des experts en sécurité informatique. Une importante attaque virale, surnommée «Flashback» ou «Flashfake», a atteint des centaines de milliers d'ordinateurs Apple dans le monde, dont au moins 100 000 au Canada, et est généralement considérée comme la première de nombreuses attaques malveillantes qui continueront à toucher les utilisateurs des ordinateurs de l'entreprise de Cupertino.*
http://www.ledevoir.com/societe/science-et-technologie/347138/attaque-virale-contre-les-mac


Livre numérique : Apple et des éditeurs accusés d'entente aux Etats-Unis
Le Monde, 11 avril 2012

La justice américaine a annoncé, mercredi 11 avril, avoir lancé des poursuites contre Apple et deux éditeurs accusés d'entente sur les prix des livres numériques, tandis que trois autres éditeurs ont accepté de changer leur politique de prix après cette plainte. Selon la plainte du ministère, l'entente mise en place par ces groupes, qui visait notamment à lutter contre la politique de prix bas du distributeur Amazon, "a eu pour résultat que les consommateurs de livres numériques ont payé des dizaines de millions de dollars supplémentaires" pour leurs achats.*
http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2012/04/11/livre-numerique-apple-et-5-editeurs-accuses-d-entente-aux-etats-unis_1683935_651865.html


Timbuktu Manuscripts Threatened by Conflict in Mali
George Eberhart
American Libraries, April 11, 2012

Jennifer J. Yanco, director of the West African Research Association (WARA) in Boston, recently alertedALA’s International Relations Office (IRO) and other organizations of the volatile military and political situation in Mali, which could threaten the safety of hundreds of thousands of ancient and medieval manuscripts in the city of Timbuktu. Malian scholars and librarians are currently hiding away the precious manuscripts to keep them out of any future conflict within the rebel-held city. Cape Town University Professor Shamil Jeppie told Reuters that he was in daily contact with curators and private owners safeguarding the historic texts. *
http://www.americanlibrariesmagazine.org/global-reach/timbuktu-manuscripts-threatened-conflict-mali


Tech-giant IBM, Ontario universities launch supercomputing initiative
James Bradshaw
Globe and Mail, April 10, 2012

Seven Ontario Universities have joined a major new $210-million public-private research initiative driven by high-power computing, funded by technology-services giant IBM as well as the governments of Canada and Ontario. The partnership will give the academic consortium – U of T and Western, as well as McMaster University, Queen’s University, the University of Ottawa, University of Waterloo and the University of Ontario Institute of Technology – access to a new data centre to be built in Barrie by this fall, as well as new supercomputer technology at U of T and a cloud computing hub housed at Western.*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/universitynews/tech-giant-ibm-ontario-universities-launch-supercomputing-initiative/article2397155/


World Bank Announces Open Access Policy for Research and Knowledge, Launches Open Knowledge Repository
April 10, 2012

The World Bank announced that it will implement a new Open Access policy for its research outputs and knowledge products, effective July 1, 2012. The new policy builds on recent efforts to increase access to information at the World Bank and to make its research as widely available as possible. As the first phase of this policy, the Bank launched a new Open Knowledge Repository and adopted a set of Creative Commons copyright licenses.*
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Feds kill NRTEE, opposition critics say it’s ‘peanuts’ in savings
Bea Vongdouangchanh
The Hill Times, April 9, 2012

Founded in 1988 in the lead up to the Rio Earth Summit, the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy gave independent, non-partisan, consensus-based advice to the federal government. No longer.*
http://www.hilltimes.com/news/news/2012/04/09/feds-kill-nrtee-opposition-critics-say-it%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%98peanuts%E2%80%99-in-savings/30383


The New York Public Library Digitizes Early American History
April 9, 2012

Thousands of historical documents at The New York Public Library – including material handwritten by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson and papers from authors such as Mark Twain – will soon be accessible to the public online, thanks in large part due to a generous gift of $500,000 from The Polonsky Foundation. The project, which began in January and will continue through 2014, will digitize documents from the Thomas Addis Emmet Collection, located within the Manuscripts and Archives Division, and almost all the papers of several major American authors in the Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature at The New York Public Library.*
http://www.nypl.org/press/press-release/2012/04/05/new-york-public-library-digitizes-early-american-history


New York Public Library's plan to take books off shelves worries scholars
Brian Braiker
Guardian, April 6, 2012

There is a quote by John Milton engraved over the entrance to the main reading room at the New York Public Library's stunning Beaux-Arts building on Fifth Avenue: "A good Booke is the precious life-blood of a master spirit, imbalm'd and treasur'd up on purpose to a life beyond life." But now, 101 years after the library was first dedicated, up to 3m of those precious books are to be removed from the central library and shipped to two off-site storage facilities, prompting a chorus of complaints from authors and scholars who say that the institution is threatening its own claim to be "one of the world's pre-eminent public resources for the study of human thought".*
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/06/new-york-public-library-jersey


Patrick Bertrand prend la présidence du Conseil national du numérique
La Tribune, 5 avril 2012

Créé par Nicolas Sarkozy en avril 2011, le conseil a élu mercredi son nouveau président. Le président de l'Association française des éditeurs de logiciels (AFDEL) prend la place de Gilles Babinet. Si cette institution a mené plusieurs batailles sur la taxe Google ou les Jeunes Entreprises innovantes, son image et son rôle restent flous.*
http://www.latribune.fr/technos-medias/internet/20120403trib000691818/patrick-bertrand-prend-la-presidence-du-conseil-national-du-numerique.html

 

ARTICLES

Implications of Federal Budget for SSHRC
Jo VanEvery, April 10, 2012

VanEvery writes: “While I am as concerned as anyone about the total amount of money allocated to the Tri-Councils and related agencies in the recent Canadian federal budget, I am more worried about another trend — the threat to peer decision making at the highest levels of grant making. Starting about 15 years ago and continuing under both Liberal and Conservative governments, the core budget of the Tri-Councils (the part that the governing councils allocate) has been basically frozen. All new money for research has come with various strings attached.*
http://jovanevery.ca/implications-of-federal-budget-for-sshrc/


Everything You Wanted to Know About Data Mining but Were Afraid to As
Alexander Furnas
The Atlantic, April 3, 2012

Big data is everywhere we look these days. Businesses are falling all over themselves to hire 'data scientists,' privacy advocates are concerned about personal data and control, and technologists and entrepreneurs scramble to find new ways to collect, control and monetize data. We know that data is powerful and valuable. But how?  This article is an attempt to explain how data mining works and why we should care about it.*
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/04/everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-data-mining-but-were-afraid-to-ask/255388/


Think Like A Startup: a white paper to inspire library entrepreneurialism
Brian Mathews
VTechWorks, April 3, 2012

Facing the Future We don’t just need change, we need breakthrough, paradigm-shifting, transformative, disruptive ideas. This document is intended to inspire transformative thinking using insight into startup culture and innovation methodologies. It’s a collection of talking points intended to stir the entrepreneurial spirit in library leaders at every level.*
http://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/handle/10919/18649


Orphan Works: Causes of the Problem
David Robert Hansen
Berkeley Digital Library Copyright Project White Paper No. 3, April 11, 2012

The orphan works problem can be traced in part to several recent changes in the way copyright law grants rights to owners and in the way that users consume copyrighted works. In recent years, at least four developments have exacerbated the problem: (1) the elimination of copyright formalities, (2) the progressive extension of copyright terms, (3) technological advances that allow authors to create and preserve more copyrightable works, and (4) technological changes in the way users access and consume copyrighted works, especially in the shift from print to digital. This paper seeks to familiarize the reader with these developments and the ways that they have brought the orphan works issue to the forefront.*
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2038068

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Policy Guidelines for the Development and Promotion of Open Access\
Alma Swan
UNESCO, 2012

The overall objective of the policy guidelines is to promote Open Access in Member States by facilitating understanding of all relevant issues related to Open Access.  The guidelines are not prescriptive in nature, but are suggestive to facilitate knowledge-based decision-making to adopt OA policies and strengthen national research systems.*
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/policy-guidelines-for-the-development-and-promotion-of-open-access/


The Expert Library: Staffing, Sustaining, and Advancing the Academic Library in The 21st Century
Scott Walter and Karen Williams (Eds.)
ACRL, 2012

In the midst of a decade of extraordinary change in academic libraries, what will services look like, and who will provide them? The Expert Library provides an overview of the changing dynamics entailed in recruiting and retaining academic library professionals for the 21st century and contains fresh thinking and insights into what will be required to ensure continued library relevance and success through its people.*
http://www.alastore.ala.org/detail.aspx?ID=3143


Environments for Student Growth and Development: Libraries and Student Affairs in Collaboration
Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe and Melissa Autumn Wong
ACRL, 2012

Librarians and student affairs professionals share a commitment to student success and holistic development, collaborative strategies, and reflective practice. Environments for Student Success and Development explores how librarians and student affairs professionals partner through programming and other activities in order to create stronger campus environments for student learning, growth, and development. *
http://www.alastore.ala.org/detail.aspx?ID=3798

 

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

ACRL Roadshow Workshop - Scholarly Communications: From Understanding to Engagement
OISE Library, University of Toronto, May 25, 2012

Led by two expert presenters, this structured interactive overview of the scholarly communication system supports individual or institutional strategic planning and action.  The workshop focuses on new methods of scholarly publishing and communication, open access and openness as a principle, copyright and intellectual property and economics. It is intended to provide a foundational understanding for participants and serve as a catalyst for action.*
http://guides.library.utoronto.ca/roadshow


CLA 2012 National Conference and Trade Show
Ottawa, Ontario, May 30 - June 2, 2012

CLA is pleased to be cooperating with the Canadian Urban Libraries Council (CULC/CBUC), and the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL/ABRC) to offer sessions within the CLA conference program. CARL and CULC sponsored sessions are identified with their logos in the program.*
http://www.cla.ca/conference/2012/


World Library and Information Congress: 78th IFLA General Conference and Assembly
Helsinki, Finland, August 11-17, 2012

Themed "Libraries now - inspiring, surprising and empowering", this year’s conference and assembly will provide a fertile environment for new ideas and enlightened conversation. In Finland, libraries are an essential part of society and its public infrastructure. Libraries are heavily used and held in high value. The main challenge for us librarians is to develop innovative services that inspire, surprise and empower new generations of library users. The Congress is strongly supported by all the Finnish library associations, Helsinki City Council, The Ministry of Education and Culture and all libraries in Finland.*

http://conference.ifla.org/ifla78/official-invitiation

 

 

 

 

*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.