E-lert Archive / Archive du cyberavis


E-Lert # 455 / Cyberavis numéro 455

Friday January 20, 2012 / vendredi 20 janvier 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


CARL COMMUNIQUÉ / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

Deadline extension: CARL Inaugural Librarians' Research Institute

Owing to closures for the holidays, the deadline for submissions for participants to the Librarians’ Research Institute has been extended until February 1, 2012. Please see
http://carl-abrc.ca/en/research-libraries/librarians-research-institute/participants.html
for more information on the nomination process.

/

Date limite prolongé: Premier Institut de recherche des bibliothécaires de l'ABRC

Étant donné que les institutions ont été fermé pendant les fêtes, la date limite pour les mises en candidature des participants à l’institut de recherche pour les bibliothécaires a été prolongé jusqu’au 1er février 2012. Veuillez consulter http://carl-abrc.ca/fr/bibliotheques-de-recherche/institut-de-recherche-des-bibliothecaires/candidats.html pour plus amples renseignements sur le processus de candidature.

 

NEWS/ NOUVELLES

5 Colleges to Test Bulk-Purchasing of e-Textbooks in Bid to Rein In Costs
Jeffrey R. Young

The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 18, 2012

An effort by college leaders to shake up the textbook industry got a boost this week, as five universities announced plans to try bulk purchasing of e-textbooks. The news comes just one day before an Apple news conference that is expected to feature that company's entrance into the e-textbook space, and it highlights steps that colleges themselves are taking to rein in textbook prices rather than wait for the market to reshape itself.*
http://chronicle.com/article/5-Colleges-to-Test/130373/



Technology, costs, lack of appeal slow e-textbook adoption
Michaelle Bond

USA Today, January 17, 2012

With their promise of ubiquity, convenience and perhaps affordability, e-textbooks have arrived in fits and starts throughout college campuses. And publishers and book resellers are spending millions wooing students to their online stores and e-reader platforms as mobile technology improves the readability of the material on devices such as tablet computers. Silicon Valley start-ups, such as Inkling and Kno, are also aggressively reinventing textbooks with interactive graphics, videos and social-media features. So far, students have been less than impressed and more likely to opt for print books. About 11% of college students have bought e-textbooks, according to market research firm Student Monitor.*
http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/story/2012-01-16/ebook-textbook-sales/52603526/1

 

Wikipedia editors question site's blackout
Associated Press, January 17, 2012

Can the world live without Wikipedia for a day? The shutdown of one of the Internet's most-visited sites is not sitting well with some of its volunteer editors, who say the protest of anti-piracy legislation could threaten the credibility of their work. "My main concern is that it puts the organization in the role of advocacy, and that's a slippery slope," said editor Robert Lawton, a Michigan computer consultant who would prefer that the encyclopedia stick to being a neutral repository of knowledge.*
http://news.yahoo.com/wikipedia-editors-sites-blackout-120914984.html

 

Hill Times coverage of pending copyright legislation
January 16, 2012


Getting it backwards: the problem with Conservative government’s copyright reform
Crafting copyright policy to create a Canadian competitive advantage
Industry minister touts Copyright Modernization Act as ‘key pillar’ of government’s digital economy strategy
Fact, fiction, and falsehoods about the ‘F’ word in copyright law
Digital lock provisions of Bill C-11 go far beyond WIPO standards

 

Cracking Open the Scientific Process
Thomas Lin

The New York Times, January 16, 2012

The New England Journal of Medicine marks its 200th anniversary this year with a timeline celebrating the scientific advances first described in its pages: the stethoscope (1816), the use of ether for anesthesia (1846), and disinfecting hands and instruments before surgery (1867), among others. For centuries, this is how science has operated — through research done in private, then submitted to science and medical journals to be reviewed by peers and published for the benefit of other researchers and the public at large. But to many scientists, the longevity of that process is nothing to celebrate.*
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/17/science/open-science-challenges-journal-tradition-with-web-collaboration.html?_r=2&pagewanted=1#comments

 

Ongoing dispute between publishers and universities highlights challenges of publishing in digital era
Chris Plecash

The Hill Times, January 16, 2012

The bitter dispute between Canada’s universities and the country’s main copyright collective over copying fees persists, with each side accusing the other of using their position to get something for nothing. The latest rift started back in the spring of 2010 when Access Copyright filed with the Copyright Board of Canada to increase the tariff it charges universities from $3.38 per student with a variable fee of 10 cents per copy to a flat rate of $45 per student. The new arrangement would include permission to create and distribute digital copies of works covered by Access Copyright.*
http://www.hilltimes.com/policy-briefing/2012/01/16/ongoing-dispute-between-publishers-and-universities-highlights-challenges/29283

 

Téléchargement : un étudiant britannique pourrait être extradé aux Etats-Unis
Le Monde, 16 janvier 2012

Un étudiant britannique de 23 ans, accusé d'avoir créé un sité consacré au téléchargement illégal, pourrait être prochainement extradé aux Etats-Unis pour y être jugé. Un tribunal britannique a jugé vendredi que l'extradition de Richard O'Dwyer, éudiant en informatique, était légale, quand bien même le jeune homme n'a jamais mis les pieds aux Etats-Unis, et alors que son site Web n'est pas non plus hébergé outre-Atlantique.*
http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2012/01/16/telechargement-un-etudiant-britannique-pourrait-etre-extrade-aux-etats-unis_1630029_651865.html

 

Google veut se relancer en Chine en évitant la censure
Harold Thibault

Le Monde, 14 janvier 2012

Deux ans après l'annonce ambiguë du retrait de Chine continentale de son moteur de recherche, le bureau chinois de Google embauche de nouveau. Afin de profiter de ce marché de 505 millions d'internautes, sans se dédire de ses positions contre la censure, le géant du Web s'est résolu à poursuivre son développement dans les domaines jugés peu sensibles, c'est-à-dire n'impliquant pas de contrôle des contenus.*
http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2012/01/14/google-veut-se-relancer-en-chine-en-evitant-la-censure_1629747_651865.html

 

JSTOR Tests Free, Read-Only Access to Some Articles
Jennifer Howard

The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 13, 2012

It’s about to get a little easier—emphasis on “a little”—for users without subscriptions to tap JSTOR’s enormous digital archive of journal articles. In the coming weeks, JSTOR will make available the beta version of a new program, Register & Read, which will give researchers read-only access to some journal articles, no payment required. All users have to do is to sign up for a free “MyJSTOR” account, which will create a virtual shelf on which to store the desired articles.*
http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/jstor-tests-free-read-only-access-to-some-articles/34908

 

Milwaukee Public Library Message Attracts Worldwide Attention
January 13, 2012

Thanks to the generosity of Lamar Companies, the Milwaukee Public Library has captured the interest of bibliophiles the world over through the promotion of three billboard ads. Lamar prepared the ads for the Library and is running them on their digital billboards throughout Milwaukee County at no cost. The ad campaign immediately connected with younger people and received an enthusiastic response. The ads have created a buzz on social media from Facebook to Twitter to Instant Messaging across the United States and as far away as Australia and Poland.*
http://www.mpl.org/file/news_ads.pdf

 

Divorce entre la TELUQ et l'UQAM
Robert Dutrisac
Le Devoir, 13 janvier 2012

Après l'îlot Voyageur, une autre réalisation de l'ancien recteur de l'Université du Québec à Montréal, Roch Denis, est allée à vau-l'eau: le rattachement de la Télé-Université (TELUQ) à l'UQAM, intervenu en 2005, s'est soldé par un divorce. Dans un décret publié dans la Gazette officielle mercredi, le gouvernement Charest, sous la recommandation de la ministre de l'Éducation, du Loisir et des Sports, Line Beauchamp, annule la mainmise de l'UQAM sur la TELUQ pour redonner à celle-ci de nouvelles lettres patentes lui conférant son statut antérieur d'école supérieure et, ainsi, sa pleine autonomie au sein du réseau de l'Université du Québec (UQ).*
http://www.ledevoir.com/societe/education/340149/divorce-entre-la-teluq-et-l-uqam?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

 

Budget Cuts Force Biodiversity Program to Close
Nick DeSantis

The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 12, 2012

Budget cuts have forced a key biodiversity database to close, leaving scientists and researchers without a unified tool to access biological data from across state and federal agencies. The U.S. Geological Survey's National Biological Information Infrastructure program and its popular Web site will shut down on Jan. 15 due to the elimination of the program's 2012 federal budget. The program's closure follows a series of drastic cuts that reduced its budget to zero in 2012 from $7 million in 2010.*
http://chronicle.com/article/Budget-Cuts-Force-Biodiversity/130331/

 

ITHAKA becomes the second AAP member to disavow the Research Works Act
January 12, 2012

Commenting on the news, Open Access advocate Peter Suber said, “I applaud ITHAKA for distancing itself from the harmful Research Works Act. The AAP acts in the name of its members when it lobbies for the RWA, in effect recruiting all its members as allies in a cause that not all of them support. Through their public statements, MIT Press and ITHAKA have refused to lend their weight to a policy they do not endorse.”*
http://poynder.blogspot.com/2012/01/ithaka-becomes-second-aap-member-to.html

 

Librarians, Open Access Advocates ‘Vehemently Oppose’ Research Works Act
Michael Kelley

The Digital Shift, January 9, 2012

A bill introduced December 16 in the House of Representatives has exacerbated tensions between open access advocates and the scholarly publishing industry over the dissemination of  publicly funded scientific and medical research. The Research Works Act (H.R.3699), co-sponsored by Darrell Issa (R-CA) and Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), has only just been referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, a zone from which few bills emerge unmodified (if they emerge at all), but the measure’s import has had, nevertheless, the effect of a 3 a.m. tocsin on  librarians and other open access champions who wish to raze pay walls that enclose taxpayer-funded, peer-reviewed research.*
http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/01/publishing/librarians-open-access-advocates-vehemently-oppose-research-works-act/

 

ARTICLES

The Rise of the New Groupthink
Susan Cain

The New York Times, January 13, 2012

Solitude is out of fashion. Our companies, our schools and our culture are in thrall to an idea I call the New Groupthink, which holds that creativity and achievement come from an oddly gregarious place. Most of us now work in teams, in offices without walls, for managers who prize people skills above all. Lone geniuses are out. Collaboration is in. But there’s a problem with this view. Research strongly suggests that people are more creative when they enjoy privacy and freedom from interruption. And the most spectacularly creative people in many fields are often introverted, according to studies by the psychologists Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and Gregory Feist. They’re extroverted enough to exchange and advance ideas, but see themselves as independent and individualistic. They’re not joiners by nature.*
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/15/opinion/sunday/the-rise-of-the-new-groupthink.html?src=me&ref=general

 

CES 2012: The Shapes of Things to Come
Stan Friedman

The Digital Shift, January 17, 2012

Friedman writes: “A mirage of possibilities for the future of homes and libraries seduced the attendees, but there were also plenty of neon warning signs in the guise of overly ambitious product launches and device overkill. For as much as CES professes to be about tomorrow’s technology, one dare not overlook the lessons from its past. In its 44-year history, the show has given us the VCR, the CD player and the Xbox, but also misfires like the cell phone projector, the Sony Rolly dancing music player and the Apple Newton. And with 20,000 gadgets being launched, the law of supply and demand dictates that, for many of this year’s 3,100 exhibitors, what happened in Vegas will no doubt stay in Vegas.”*
http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/01/hardware-2/ces-2012-the-shapes-of-things-to-come/

 

SWORD: Facilitating Deposit Scenarios
Stuart Lewis et al

D-Lib Magazine, Volume 18, Number 1/2, January/February 2012

Digital Repositories have the ability to be integrated into the life blood of research. They can collect, manage, preserve, and make available research outputs. Research outputs cover a vast range of object types, including journal articles, books and chapters, data sets, rich media, and many others. The SWORD (Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit) protocol was designed to facilitate the interoperable deposit of resources into systems such as repositories. Using an interoperable standard eases the burden of developing clients to deposit such resources. This paper examines nine different deposit use cases, and provides case studies and examples of each use case to demonstrate the wide range of repository deposit scenarios. The use cases range from the deposit of scholarly communication outputs from a publisher to a repository and the automatic deposit of data from laboratory equipment, to inter-repository transfer and collaborative authoring workflows.*
http://dlib.org/dlib/january12/lewis/01lewis.html

 

ARROW: Accessible Registries of Rights Information and Orphan Works Towards Europeana
Cinzia Caroli et al
D-Lib Magazine, Volume 18, Number 1/2, January/February 2012

The European Union promotes programs of "mass digitization" in order to make the cultural and scientific resources in Europe accessible to all, and to preserve them for future generations. The Accessible Registries of Rights Information and Orphan Works Towards Europeana (ARROW) project began in September 2008 with the aim of facilitating the management of rights in digitization projects. Partial funding was provided by the European Commission under the programme "ICT Policy Support". The outcome of the project was an automated system for distributed management of rights information that meets the needs of digital libraries and is easily adaptable to other contexts of use. With the approval of the "ARROW Plus" project in April 2011, the system will be further improved, extending the number of covered countries, and integrating rights information about images contained in books.*
http://dlib.org/dlib/january12/caroli/01caroli.html

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Open-access Journal Publishing Resource Index
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

SPARC has created a free online Open Access Journal Publishing Resource Index with information and documents to support the launch and operation of an open-access journal. Materials in the index are intended to help libraries, presses, and other academic units on campuses as they work together to make the work of their researchers more widely available.*
http://www.arl.org/sparc/partnering/planning/index.shtml

 

ICSU Foresight Analysis Report 1: International science in 2031 – exploratory scenarios
International Council for Science, December 2011

The purpose of this project was to explore how international science1 might develop over the coming two decades in a changing economic, social, political and environmental context. ICSU has used this foresight process to test its role and mission and to guide long-term strategic choices aimed at strengthening international science for the benefit of society. To this end, the conduct of the foresight exercise has been synchronized with the development of the ICSU Strategic Plan II, 2012-2017. The foresight process was also carried out to produce a resource that ICSU Members and Partners could use to help develop their own long-term vision and strategic thinking with regard to international science.*
http://www.icsu.org/publications/reports-and-reviews/icsu-foresight-analysis/download-report-1

 

Debates in the Digital Humanities
University of Minnesota Press, 2012

Debates in the Digital Humanities brings together leading figures in the field to explore its theories, methods, and practices and to clarify its multiple possibilities and tensions. Together, the essays—which will be published later as an ongoing, open-access website—suggest that the digital humanities are uniquely positioned to contribute to the revival of the humanities and academic life.*
http://www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/debates-in-the-digital-humanities

 

The Networked Society

As we enter a new era of mobility, an emerging mindset is creating endless opportunities that are limited only by our imaginations. Technology has enabled us to interact, innovate and share knowledge in entirely new ways - creating a dynamic shift in mindset. People are empowered, business is liberated and society is more connected than ever. Ericsson explores the possibilities of a Networked Society.*
http://www.ericsson.com/networkedsociety/

 

Open Innovation, the Haldane Principle and the new production of knowledge: science policy and university-industry links in the UK after the financial crisis
Alan Hughes et al

Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge Working Paper No. 425, September 2011

In the UK as elsewhere in the OECD economies it has become a commonplace in innovation and science policies to stress the role that universities can play in driving forward economic welfare. The world financial crisis and recession of 2008/9 has served to reinforce that role as universities and innovation are attributed a pivotal role ensuring competitive recovery and economic restructuring in the hoped for upturn. Thus enhanced science budgets have played a prominent part in the rhetoric accompanying stimulus packages in the USA, Europe, Australia and elsewhere. These events in the UK have resurrected old debates about the implications for the nature of university knowledge production of attempts to explicitly link accountability, assessment and funding of university research to its economic and social impact. They have also been accompanied by an expansion of conceptual and empirical research into the role that universities play in the in the innovation process and appropriate policy design to enhance that role.*
http://www.cbr.cam.ac.uk/pdf/WP425.pdf

 

Standards for Libraries in Higher Education
ACRL Standards for Libraries in Higher Education Task Force

October 2011

The Standards for Libraries in Higher Education are designed to guide academic libraries in advancing and sustaining their role as partners in educating students, achieving their institutions’ missions, and positioning libraries as leaders in assessment and continuous improvement on their campuses. These Standards differ from previous versions by articulating expectations for library contributions to institutional effectiveness. They differ structurally by providing a comprehensive framework using an outcomes-based approach, with evidence collected in ways most appropriate for each institution.*
http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/standardslibraries

 

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

eTexts: A Perishable Opportunity for Higher Education?
EDUCAUSE Live! , January 24, 2012, 3:00 p.m. ET

This EDUCAUSE Live! program will address the strategic, business, and policy implications for institutions in light of a changing world of consumer electronics and new models for digital educational resources such as eTexts, website tutorials, and other licensed content. As price points and terms begin to solidify in 2012, there may be a perishable opportunity to set an eText strategy that reduces the cost of higher education while serving the interests of students and faculty.*
http://net.educause.edu/content.asp?SECTION_ID=661&bhcp=1

 

80e Congrès de l’Acfas
Montréal, Québec, 7 - 11 mai, 2012

Le congrès annuel de l'Acfas, le plus important rassemblement multidisciplinaire du savoir et de la recherche de la Francophonie, accueille des milliers de chercheurs et d’utilisateurs de la recherche provenant d’une trentaine de pays. Depuis 1933, la communauté scientifique francophone profite de ce rendez-vous pour présenter ses plus récents travaux, connaître les derniers développements en recherche, débattre de questions d'actualité et échanger des idées avec des collègues, des associations et des groupes participants. Ce cadre stimulant est propice au partage de nouveaux savoirs qui donnent aujourd’hui sa forme au monde dans lequel nous vivrons demain. Programme special: À l’occasion de son 80e Congrès placé sous le thème du dialogue science-société, l’Acfas offre une programmation (en partenariat avec BAnQ et d’autres organisations) gratuite et ouverte, à la Grande Bibliothèque, vers un public intéressé par les enjeux actuels de notre société et les questions scientifiques. Un ensemble de discussions sur les grandes questions de l’heure amèneront les plus curieux à nourrir leur esprit critique et une série d’activités plus ludiques et visuelles offriront une porte d’entrée conviviale vers le monde passionnant de la recherche.*
http://www.acfas.ca/evenements/congres/a-propos

 

International Conference on Information Society (i-Society 2012)
London, UK, June 25-28, 2012

The mission of i-Society 2012 conference is to provide opportunities for collaboration of professionals and researchers to share existing and generate new knowledge in the field of information society. The conference encapsulates the concept of interdisciplinary science that studies the societal and technological dimensions of knowledge evolution in digital society. The i-Society bridges the gap between academia and industry with regards to research collaboration and awareness of current development in secure information management in the digital society.*
http://www.i-society.eu/

*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.