Archives du Cyber-avis

E-Lert # 459 / Cyberavis numéro 459

Friday February 17, 2012 / vendredi 17 février 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


Moore defends Canada's 'different path' on copyright bill

Liberté pour les chercheurs canadiens

Le Sénat donne son accord à la numérisation des livres indisponibles

CBC music library could be lost

Loosen up copyright law, says Dutch government

Elsevier boycott gathers pace

A Decade of Open Access (And the Challenges Ahead)



Moore defends Canada's 'different path' on copyright bill
Laura Peyton

CBC News, February 16, 2012

In an interview with CBC News the week a special committee set up its schedule for examining the bill, Moore said the government has rejected the aggressive approach the American government tried to take with the Stop Online Piracy Act. Observers have said they’re not opposed to much of bill C-11, the act to amend the copyright act, but they fear lobbying could convince the Canadian government to take a more aggressive approach.*
[Of related interest: Canada’s C-11 Bill and the Hazards of Digital Locks Provisions, Gwen Hinze and Maira Sutton, Electronic Frontier Foundation, February 10, 2012 HTML]

Liberté pour les chercheurs canadiens
Le Devoir, 16 février 2012

Voilà maintenant quatre ans que, partout au Canada, des journalistes et des scientifiques dénoncent les pratiques inquiétantes du gouvernement fédéral en matière de communication en science. Aux lettres ouvertes ont succédé des éditoriaux et des conférences publiques. Pourtant, les cas de bâillonnement de scientifiques publics se multiplient.*

U of T Students and Faculty Demand Suspending the Access Copyright Agreement
Ariel Katz, February 16, 2012

The University of Toronto Students’ Union, the University of Toronto Graduate Students’ Union, and the University of Toronto Faculty Association have just sent a letter to the University Governing Council protesting the U of T – Access Copyright Agreement. They urge the Governors to “suspend any further step towards ratification of the Agreement until the Agreement has been thoroughly reviewed, and, if appropriate, re-negotiated or discarded.”*

Canada’s advertising history no longer collecting dust
Susan Krashinsky

Globe and Mail, February 14, 2012

Lacking in storage space – or the time and resources to catalogue past work – many advertising agencies have been lax about building archives. Much of the Canadian industry’s heritage has been gathering dust in piecemeal personal collections. But a new movement to organize and preserve Canada’s marketing history has taken a step forward: Pirate Toronto has donated a massive catalogue of about 50,000 pieces of advertising to McMaster University in Hamilton, creating the largest industry archive in Canada.

ARL Joins Eight Organizations in Supporting Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA)
February 14, 2012

Timely, barrier-free access to the results of federally funded research is an essential component of our collective investment in science. Research information should be shared in cost-effective ways that take advantage of newly available technologies. This increased sharing will help to advance the pace of discovery, as well as to speed the translation of this knowledge into innovative new services and products. The proposed bill recognizes that a one-size-fits-all approach to public access policy is impractical, and balances the needs of all stakeholders in the scientific research community. While creating opportunities for unprecedented access and use of research, it provides important safeguards to protect the interests of those who contribute to the validity and quality of research results.*

Le Sénat donne son accord à la numérisation des livres indisponibles
Agence France Presse, 14 février 2012

Le Sénat a donné son accord, le 13 février 2012, à l'unanimité, au texte de la Commission mixte paritaire (CMP, 7 sénateurs, 7 députés) sur une proposition de loi permettant la numérisation des oeuvres indisponibles du XXème siècle, redonnant ainsi vie à toute une partie de la production éditoriale française. Cette proposition de loi du sénateur UMP, Jacques Legendre a été adoptée en première lecture le 19 janvier par l’Assemblée nationale et en décembre dernier par le Sénat. Elle devrait rendre accessible sous forme numérique l’ensemble de la production littéraire française du XXème siècle dès lors que les oeuvres ne sont plus exploitées commercialement.*

CBC music library could be lost
Natasha Pickowicz

The Vancouver Sun, February 14, 2012

For the past 32 years, archivist John MacMillan has cared for the CBC’s Vancouver music library. Until now, producers and DJs have been able to visit the library’s 100,000-item collection to choose tracks to play on the CBC broadcasts that air from coast to coast. In January, MacMillan was informed that he would have to dismantle the entire archive by March 31.*

Loosen up copyright law, says Dutch government
Robert Chesal

Radio Netherlands Worldwide, February 13, 2012

The YouTube generation has gained an ally in the worldwide "copyright wars." The Dutch government wants to change copyright law so new media users can continue to do "creative remixes" of protected content. The Hague will no longer wait for the European Commission to find a compromise.*

British Library starts videogame website archive project
David Crookes

The Independent, February 13, 2012

Curators at The British Library have begun the process of archiving videogame websites to preserve gaming culture for future generations. While game experts have previously tended to concentrate on archiving physical items such as computers, disks and cassettes, the Library feels gaming websites perfectly illustrate the impact of the industry on society.*

Elsevier boycott gathers pace
John Whitfield

Nature, February 9, 2012

Timothy Gowers is surprised and delighted that thousands of mathematics and other researchers have joined him in a public pledge not to have anything to do with Elsevier, the Amsterdam-based academic publishing giant. He is leading a boycott because of company practices that he says hinder the dissemination of research.*

Golan v. Holder: A Farewell to Constitutional Challenges to Copyright Laws

Jonathan Band
Association of Research Libraries, February 6, 2012

On January 13, 2012, the Supreme Court by a 6-2 vote affirmed the Tenth Circuit decision in Golan v. Holder. The case concerned the constitutionality of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA), which restored copyright in foreign works that had entered into the public domain because the copyright owners had failed to comply with formalities such as notice; or because the U.S. did not have copyright treaties in place with the country at the time the work was created (e.g., the Soviet Union). The petitioners were orchestra conductors, musicians, and publishers who enjoyed free access to works removed by URAA from the public domain. The Court in its decision made clear that constitutional challenges to a copyright statute would not succeed so long as the provision does not have an unlimited term, and does not tread on the idea/expression dichotomy or the fair use doctrine.*



A Decade of Open Access (And the Challenges Ahead)
Parker Higgins

Electronic Frontier Foundation, February 16, 2012

Ten years ago this week, the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) was released to the public. This seminal document explained how technology could revolutionize academic publishing, and defined "open access" as the free and unrestricted availability of peer-reviewed journal literature online. Perhaps most importantly, the BOAI laid out a strategy for making open access a reality. In the decade since its publication, the 13 original signatories behind the initiative have been joined by a still-growing collection of over 5500 individuals and 600 organizations.*

Invisible Institutional Repositories: Addressing the Low Indexing Ratios of IRs in Google Scholar
Kenning Arlitsch and Patrick Shawn Obrien

Library Hi Tech, Volume 30, Issue 1, 2012

Google Scholar has difficulty indexing the contents of institutional repositories, and the authors hypothesize the reason is that most repositories use Dublin Core, which cannot express bibliographic citation information adequately for academic papers. Google Scholar makes specific recommendations for repositories, including the use of publishing industry metadata schemas over Dublin Core. This paper tests a theory that transforming metadata schemas in institutional repositories will lead to increased indexing by Google Scholar. Institutional repositories are achieving significant mass, and the rate of author citations from those repositories may affect university rankings. Lack of visibility in Google Scholar, however, will limit the ability of IRs to play a more significant role in those citation rates.*

Braille Under Siege As Blind Turn To Smartphones
Megan Verlee

National Public Radio, February 13, 2012

Blind people choosing not to learn Braille is only one part of the equation. The National Federation of the Blind is increasingly butting heads with school districts trying to get out of federal obligations to provide a Braille teacher. The federation estimates that today only one in 10 blind people can read Braille. That's down dramatically from the early 1900s.*

How the Scientific Community Reacts to Newly Submitted Preprints: Article Downloads, Twitter Mentions, and Citations
Xin Shuai et al

arXiv, February 11, 2012

The view from the \ivory tower" is that scholars make rational, expert decisions on what to publish, what to read and what to cite. In fact, the use of citation statistics to assess scholarly impact is to a large degree premised on the notion that citation data represent an explicit, objective expression of impact by expert authors. Yet, scholars do not operate in an online vacuum. Download statistics have received increasing attention as a means to gain a fuller understanding of scholarly impact as manifested in the actual online behavior of scholars. In fact, recent results indicate that usage data can indeed provide fast, reliable and valid indicators of scholarly impact and can even underpin scholarly recommendation services. Interestingly it has been found that download statistics can predict future citation impact, suggesting that online readership may be an important factor in driving scholarly citations.*

You are Elsevier: time to overcome our fears and kill subscription journals
Michael Eisen

it is NOT junk, February 3, 2012

Elsevier, the Dutch publishing conglomerate that has long served as the poster child for all that is wrong with the industry, has come under withering criticism for pushing legislation that would prevent the US government from making the results of taxpayer funded research available to the public. But amidst all this richly deserved opprobrium, we must not forget that Elsevier are in a position to behave so poorly because we let them. Publishers control the pay walls that restrict access to the scientific literature. But individual researchers control the fate of their own papers. The scientific community could decide tomorrow to eliminate restrictions on access to the research literature. However, because of a complex stew of narrow self-interest, vanity, laziness and tradition, the majority of scientists continue to feed the beast – unwilling to act on their own to change a system they know is wrong.*

You Will Never Kill Piracy, and Piracy Will Never Kill You
Paul Tassi

Forbes, February 3, 2012

Now that the SOPA and PIPA fights have died down, and Hollywood prepares their next salvo against a perceived internet file-sharing free-for-all with ACTA and PCIP, it’s worth pausing to consider how the war on piracy could actually be won. It can’t, is the short answer, and one many companies do not want to hear. As technology continues to evolve, the battle between pirates and copyright holders is going to escalate, and pirates are always, always going to be one step ahead. This is in no way meant to be a “pro-piracy” piece, it is merely attempting to show the inescapable realities of piracy that media companies refuse to acknowledge. What’s clear is that legislation is not the answer.*
[Of related interest: Lies, Damn Lies and Piracy, Paul Tassi, Forbes, February 7, 2012]

Télécharger le droit d'auteur
Emmanuel Cauvin

Le Monde, 2 février 2012

Comment appliquer le droit d'auteur à l'Internet, et plus généralement à la chose numérique ? Comment adapter les règles de la propriété intellectuelle à ce nouveau terrain, ce nouveau monde qui se développe à une vitesse hallucinante derrière les écrans ? En étudiant la nature du terrain, en tâchant de décrypter les propriétés fondamentales du milieu, pour ensuite attribuer des droits et formuler des interdits adéquats. Comprendre la route avant d'écrire le code. Pour être appliquée, la loi doit d'abord être applicable.*

Scholars Seek Better Ways to Track Impact Online
Jennifer Howard

The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 29, 2012

In academe, the game of how to win friends and influence people is serious business. Administrators and grant makers want proof that a researcher's work has life beyond the library or the lab. But the current system of measuring scholarly influence doesn't reflect the way many researchers work in an environment driven more and more by the social Web. Research that used to take months or years to reach readers can now find them almost instantly via blogs and Twitter. That kind of activity escapes traditional metrics like the impact factor, which indicates how often a journal is cited, not how its articles are really being consumed by readers. An approach called altmetrics—short for alternative metrics—aims to measure Web-driven scholarly interactions, such as how often research is tweeted, blogged about, or bookmarked.*
[Of related interest: Citation Obsession? Get Over It! Kurt Schick, The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 30, 2011]

The Liberal Arts as Guideposts in the 21st Century
Nannerl O. Keohane

The Chronicle Review, January 29, 2012

The very broad, capacious form of education that we call the liberal arts is rooted in a specific curriculum in classical and medieval times. But it would be wrong to assume that because it has such ancient roots, this kind of education is outdated, stale, fusty, or irrelevant. But a liberal-arts education, which Louis Menand defined in The Marketplace of Ideas as "a background mentality, a way of thinking, a kind of intellectual DNA that informs work in every specialized area of inquiry," lends itself particularly well to contemporary high-tech methods of imparting knowledge.*

Attention Researchers: Protect Your Data!
Texas Advanced Computing Center, January 24, 2012

Increasingly, government funding agencies, private foundations, and universities are asking faculty researchers to pay extra attention to their data. "It costs a lot and requires a great deal of expertise to generate research data," said Maria Esteva, a digital archivist at the Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC). "It must be preserved in a useable state to get the most out of the investment." Easier said than done. Our ability to create data — through observations, experiments and computer simulations — has outstripped our ability to preserve and organize it properly.*



Inclusion Guidelines for Webmasters
Google Scholar

This document describes the technical details of indexing of websites with scholarly articles in Google Scholar. Its intended audience is webmasters who would like their papers included in Google Scholar search results. The document includes guidelines for authors, university or subject repository managers, and as well as anyone involved in journal publishing.*

Calculating scholarly journal value through objective metrics
Jacqueline Wilson

California Digital Library, February 16, 2012

CDL’s Collection Development and Management: Licensed Resources program has developed a value-based strategy which is now used as a major part of the University of California’s journal collection planning process.  The strategy involves using objective metrics to calculate the value of scholarly journals and identify titles that make a greater or lesser contribution to the University’s mission of teaching, research, and public service. The value-based process is objective and quantifiable and is based on measures of utility, quality, and cost effectiveness, with a goal of alignment to UC’s user communities and programmatic needs.*

Social media fortifies bond between scientists

Mark Herring, June 1, 2011

The science lab may seem like a lonely and impersonal setting, but Ijad Madisch has started a social network website to bridge the gap between researchers. According to Madisch, who has an M.D. and Ph.D. in virology and an extensive background in computer science, the Internet first operated as a means of facilitating the exchange of information. His website, ResearchGate, is doing just that. "The pre-existing scientific community was conducted in a vacuum," Madisch said. "I was encountering problems with my own research during medical school and at a fellowship at Harvard." The idea of creating ResearchGate occurred to Madisch when he was participating in the Biomedical Sciences Exchange Program between Hanover University in his native Germany and Harvard University.*

Digital Humanities Now – Discover the Best of Digital Humanities Scholarship

Digital Humanities Now selects and aggregates material from from hundreds of venues where high-quality digital humanities scholarship is likely to appear, including the personal websites of scholars, institutional sites, blogs, and other feeds. It also seeks to discover new material by monitoring Twitter and other social media for stories discussed by the community, and by continuously scanning the broader web through generalized and specialized search engines.*

Stack Overflow

Stack Overflow is a programming Q & A site that’s free. Free to ask questions, free to answer questions, free to read, free to index, built with plain old HTML. No matter what programming language you use, or what operating system you call home – better programming the goal.*

LibreOffice 3.5 released
Ars Technica

Ryan Paul, February 16, 2012

The community behind the LibreOffice project has released version 3.5 of the increasingly popular open source office suite. The update introduces new features and improvements that were developed by the project's growing body of contributors. The LibreOffice project, which is founded in 2010, is a community-driven fork of (OOo).*



SPARC Open Access Meeting
Kansas City, Missouri, March 11 – 13, 2012

The meeting program includes a track for digital repositories. Kathleen Shearer, chair of COAR’s (Confederation of Open Access Repositories) working group 1 will moderate the theme “Digital repositories – building a worldwide infrastructure alongside trust for authors and users” focusing on interoperability and the integration of repositories in the e-research environment. The overall conference program, developed by librarians, publishers, analysts, scholars, and technologists from five countries, will consider developments across four topic areas such as national and institutional policy adoption, digital repositories, author rights and gold OA publishing.*

IFLA Presidential Programme: Libraries - A Force for Change
Vancouver, BC, Canada April 12-14, 2012

This meeting will be the opportunity for all those interested in Indigenous and traditional knowledge, its creation, organization and access, to better understand the local and global issues under discussion in various parts of the world and by many types of cultural, heritage, and community groups and organizations. The program includes distinguished speakers from around the world representing many viewpoints and interests. Through the sharing of knowledge and experiences, we hope to advance the understanding of traditional knowledge at both the local and international levels. The results will inform the development of legal instruments, policies and practices related to the organization of Indigenous and traditional knowledge around the world.*


*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.