Archives du Cyber-avis



E-Lert # 465 / Cyberavis numéro 465

Friday March 30, 2012 / vendredi 30 mars 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) would like to commend the government for its clear commitment to research innovation in Budget 2012. ( PDF )


l’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (ABRC) salue l’engagement du gouvernement envers la recherche et l’innovation exprimé dans le Budget 2012. ( PDF )


Notre surcharge informationnelle en perspective

[U.K.] Research council sacrifices basic research on the altar of commerce

ProQuest Picks up Where the Census Bureau Left Off: The Statistical Abstract of the United States Will Be Back

Digital Public Library of America: the Biggest Library the World Has Ever Seen?

A Surge in Learning the Language of the Internet



Select Budget 2012 press releases / Quelques communiqués sur le budget du 2012

AUCC HTML / Français

CFHSS HTML /   Français

PIPSC HTML / Français

PSAC HTML / Français

CFS HTML / Français

CASA PDF (pas disponible en Français)

CAUT HTML / Français

LIBER Award for Library Innovation

The LIBER Award for Library Innovation was instituted by LIBER, with support from Elsevier. It honours the three abstracts which best describe innovative work in the overall theme of the Annual Conference “Mobilising the knowledge economy for Europe." The Programme Committee of the 41st LIBER Annual Conference has decided to give the LIBER Award for Library Innovation 2012 to: Kathleen Shearer, Birgit Schmidt, Norbert Lossau ID 154 Licensing Revisited: Open Access clauses in practice; Justine Haeberli, Daniel Beucke ID 159 Open Access Statistics - Services and Standards for Internationally Comparable Usage Statistics; Sven Vlaeminck; ID 148 Data Management in Scholarly Journals and Possible Roles for Libraries - Some Insights from EDaWaX.*

U15 hires staff and sets up shop in Ottawa
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 26, Number 5, March 29, 2012

The U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities — a new organization established to represent Canada's top 15 research-intensive universities — has established an office at the Univ of Ottawa and hired Suzanne Corbeil as its inaugural executive director (see page 7). U15 was formed last year to better represent the priorities and concerns of the big research universities. Its first act was to file a submission with the Jenkins Panel. U15 is an outgrowth of the Group of Ten, which was formed in 1991. That organization expanded into the G-13 before morphing into the latest incarnation. Although all U15 members also belong of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, the mandate of that organization was considered too broad to accommodate the many smaller and private universities that comprise its membership.*

Second Canadian joins SKA organizational board
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 26, Number 5, March 29, 2012

A second Canadian has been added to the organization board of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) project which will determine the location of the massive installation in either Australia/New Zealand or South Africa. The Univ of Calgary's Dr Russ Taylor will join the board, along with fellow Canadian Dr Greg Fahlman representing the National Research Council. Canada has observer status on the €1.5-billion global science project to build the world's largest and most sensitive radio telescope. It is an international partnership between 67 organizations in 20 countries. The eight founding nations are The Netherlands, South Africa, New Zealand, Italy, Germany, France, China and the UK. South Africa is the heavy favourite for the SKA with a decision expected in early April.*

[U.K.] Research council sacrifices basic research on the altar of commerce
Michael Duff

Guardian, March 28, 2012

Most practising scientists agree: the discoveries and innovations that have had the biggest impact on industry – quantum mechanics, the structure of DNA, or the world wide web, for example – were all products of basic research. Nanotechnology, one of the government's favourite activities, was the brainchild of theoretical particle physicist Richard Feynman. Most commercial applications have been completely unpredictable. Serendipity is the norm not the exception in great discovery and sacrificing basic science on the altar of commerce is killing the goose that lays the golden egg.*

Wikimedia Proposes WikiData Project
March 28, 2012

Wikidata aims to create a free knowledge base about the world that can be read and edited by humans and machines alike. It will provide data in all the languages of the Wikimedia projects, and allow for the central access to data in a similar vein as Wikimedia Commons does for multimedia files. Wikidata is proposed as a new Wikimedia hosted and maintained project.*

New search tool to unlock Wikipedia
Paul Marks

New Scientist, March 28, 2012

WOULD you like to ask Wikipedia tougher questions than today's simple keyword searches allow? A prototype plug-in that can do just that will be demonstrated at the World Wide Web conference in Lyon, France, next month. Called Swipe - loosely short for "searching Wikipedia by example" - the software aims to let users of the online encyclopedia answer complex questions that most search engines would stumble over.*

U of G Librarians Honoured
March 27, 2012

Jim Brett, User Services Librarian, has been awarded the prestigious 2012 Ontario Library Association (OLA) President’s Award for Exceptional Achievement for his outstanding contribution to librarianship in Ontario. This is the first time a University of Guelph librarian has received the honour since the award’s inception in 1990. The Ontario College and University Library Association (OCULA) recognized Robin Bergart, User Experience Librarian, and M.J. D’Elia, Learning & Curriculum Support Team Librarian, with the2011 OCULA Award for Special Achievement for the creation of Innovation Boot Camp (IBC). Inspired by the book, Ten Faces of Innovation by Tom Kelly, IBC is a workshop/social experiment in creativity and innovation. Jenny Marvin, GIS Librarian and Chair of the Scholars GeoPortal Project Management Group, was part of the Ontario Council of University Libraries (OCUL) team that received the Award for Technical Innovation by the Ontario Library and Information Technology Association (OLITA). The team was recognized for the creation of Scholars GeoPortal.

The European Library's opening to research libraries
March 27, 2012

The European Library is approaching the end of its two-year project  Europeana Libraries, by which it started to expand its membership from national libraries to include research libraries in Europe. As the project draws to a close, The European Library will start to put its business plan into action.* HTML

Le projet de campus universitaire à Outremont franchit une autre étape
Le Devoir, 26 mars 2012

Le projet du campus Outremont de l’Université de Montréal se rapproche encore un peu plus de sa concrétisation. Le ministre des Finances Raymond Bachand, le maire Gérald Tremblay et le recteur Guy Breton ont affirmé qu’un nouveau pas avait été franchi dans cette direction — une annonce qui tombe à un bien mauvais moment, d’après certains étudiants qui s’étaient rassemblés devant l’hôtel de ville pour manifester.*

ProQuest Picks up Where the Census Bureau Left Off: The Statistical Abstract of the United States Will Be Back
March 22, 2012

ProQuest will rescue one of researchers' most valued reference tools when it takes on publication of theStatistical Abstract of the United States beginning with the 2013 edition. The move ensures continuation of this premier guide to an extraordinary array of statistics, which has been published since 1878. The U.S. Census Bureau, responsible for publishing the work, announced in March 2011 that it would cease production of the Statistical Abstract after the 2012 edition, prompting widespread concern among librarians, journalists, and researchers about the disappearance of this essential research tool.*



Digital Public Library of America: the Biggest Library the World Has Ever Seen?
JISC Inform, Issue 33, March 2012

Robert Darnton, director of Harvard University Library, is the driving force behind the Digital Public Library of America which is due to launch next year. He explains his vision, and offers some words of advice for the UK Digital Library.*

Notre surcharge informationnelle en perspective
Hubert Guillaud

Le Monde, 28 mars 2012

La surcharge informationnelle ne date pas d'aujourd'hui. Ce sentiment de dépassement, de surcharge en fait se retrouve à toutes les époques de l'humanité, de la Grèce Antique à aujourd'hui. Chaque époque la ressent comme quelque chose de nouveau, comme quelque chose de particulier à son époque. Dans Le phèdre de Platon, Socrate critique déjà l'écriture comme quelque chose qui nous fait perdre notre mémoire. Pour Sénèque, l'abondance de livres est une distraction. La bibliothèque du Congrès possède 34,5 millions de livres. Pourtant, si on lit un livre par semaine entre 10 et 100 ans (ce qui est déjà très ambitieux), le plus volontaire des lecteurs ne saura en lire qu'une poignée... 4600 !*

Universities leading the way with education technology
Steven Schwartz

Guardian, March 28, 2012

Georgia Institute for Technology's Center for 21st Century Universities (C21U) is a self-described living laboratory for fundamental change in higher education. Its mission: to foster and accelerate the innovation, validation, adoption and deployment of disruptive ideas-particularly those involvingtechnology in the service of teaching and learning, industry wide.*

A Surge in Learning the Language of the Internet
Jenna Wortham

The New York Times, March 27, 2012

Parlez-vous Python? What about Rails or JavaScript? Foreign languages tend to wax and wane in popularity, but the language du jour is computer code. The market for night classes and online instruction in programming and Web construction, as well as for iPhone apps that teach, is booming. Those jumping on board say they are preparing for a future in which the Internet is the foundation for entertainment, education and nearly everything else. *

Amazon, PDA, and Library Sales for Books
Joseph Esposito

The Scholarly Kitchen, March 27, 2012

Here’s the hypothesis: virtually all academic libraries buy print books from Amazon, and within a few years, virtually all academic libraries will have PDA programs in place. At some point these two trends will intersect, beginning a significant restructuring of the marketplace.*

Librarians, Publishers and eBooks
EarlyWord, March 23, 2012

In the following video, librarians present the case for  ebooks in libraries to major publishers at last week’s Association of American Publishers annual meeting (via Publishers Marketplace). The speakers are ALA President Molly Raphael; Jim Neal, Columbia University libraries; and Tony Marx, NYPL. In the audience  are the heads of most of the largest houses in publishing, including many that do not sell ebooks to libraries.*

Implications of the Recommendations of the Expert Panel on Federal Support to Research and Development
Preston Manning and Jack Mintz

The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, March 2012

Canada lags behind many of its First World counterparts when it comes to business innovation, and urgently needs to improve its performance if it is to remain competitive and attractive to investment. The Expert Panel Report on Federal Support to Research and Development has recommended several policy initiatives that governments need to enact to close the gap. This paper reviews all six major recommendations made by the Expert Panel and provides thorough assessments of each, with ample consideration given to their implications for the private sector. This paper explains the consequences of the Panel’s recommendations for both sectors, identifies the deficiencies, and offers clear-eyed guidance for ameliorating them.*

How to Protect Copyright Is Key Topic at Publishers' Meeting
By Jennifer Howard

The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 14, 2012

Legislation is not the way to fight online piracy—at least not right now. That was the message broadcast at the annual meeting of the Association of American Publishers. But the publishing executives who gathered at the McGraw-Hill headquarters in midtown Manhattan also heard that the need to protect copyright is as critical as ever, and that one challenge is to overcome the "disinformation" spread by reformers who want to loosen or do away with copyright.*

My last index
Judith Pascoe

The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 18, 2012

In this article, the author explains why she’ll hire a professional indexer for her next book. She writes: “A casual reader of authors' acknowledgment pages will encounter expressions of familial gratitude that paper over years of spousal neglect and missed cello recitals. A keen reader of those pages may happen upon animals that were essential to an author's well-being—supportive dogs, diverting cats, or, in one instance, "four very special squirrels." But even an assiduous reader of acknowledgments could go a lifetime without coming across a single shout-out to a competent indexer.”*



A Fresh Look at the Fair Use Checklist
Kenneth Crews

The Copyright & New Media Law Newsletter, Volume 2012, Issue 1

The meaning of fair use in American copyright law has been a challenge since at least 1841, when Justice Joseph Story articulated the concept in a case involving the published papers of former president George Washington.1  In his quest for some notion of allowable use of copyright-protected works, the celebrated jurist expounded on a set of variables that seemed to make good sense for the case at hand.  Numerous court rulings over the subsequent years relied on the 1841 doctrine and expanded on factors that Justice Story isolated.  Those factors remain the foundation of today’s doctrine of fair use.  We continue to give them meaning when determining how much of a copyright-protected work one may photocopy, download, cut and paste, and convert into a music video mash-up.*
Checklist for fair use ( PDF )

Library Terms That Users Understand
John Kupersmith

eScholarship, University of California, 2012

This document is intended to help library web developers decide how to label key resources and services in such a way that most users can understand them well enough to make productive choices. It compiles data from usability studies evaluating terminology on library websites, and suggests test methods and best practices for reducing cognitive barriers caused by terminology.*

altmetrics tools

No one can read everything.  We rely on filters to make sense of the scholarly literature, but the narrow, traditional filters are being swamped. However, the growth of new, online scholarly tools allows us to make new filters; these altmetrics reflect the broad, rapid impact of scholarship in this burgeoning ecosystem. We call for more tools and research based on altmetrics. As the volume of academic literature explodes, scholars rely on filters to select the most relevant and significant sources from the rest. Unfortunately, scholarship’s three main filters for importance – peer-review, citation counting, the Journal Impact Factor - are failing.*

ArchiveGrid Blog

This blog provides a place to highlight new ArchiveGrid collections and contributors, talk about how the new ArchiveGrid system is being built, and note things of general interest with an archives twist. The ArchiveGrid Blog is part of OCLC Research's beta ArchiveGrid discovery system, now freely available and providing access to primary source materials held in archives throughout the world. ArchiveGrid helps researchers contact archives to request information, arrange a visit, and order copies—all from one simple, intuitive search.*

Positionnement du Québec dans les secteurs prioritaires de recherche. Une analyse bibliométrique et technométrique
Ministère du Développement économique, de l'Innovation et de l'Exportation, 2012

Ce document a pour objectif de mesurer le rendement du Québec à l'égard de sa production scientifique dans quatre secteurs de recherche importants : l'aérospatiale; les nanotechnologies; les sciences de la santé; les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC).*



Creative Commons Salon on the theme of "Open Data"
Ottawa, Ontario, March 30, 2012

With the Open Data movement exploding right now, this event is an opportune time to find out more about it and discuss it.  Most major cities in Canada now have open data portals where municipal governments openly and freely release public sector data, such as maps, statistics and other government documents. The Canadian federal government is making open data the central focus of its Open Government Initiative in order to increase transparency and citizen participation.*
Note: This event will also be streamed live at

IFLA Presidential Programme: Libraries - A Force for Change
Vancouver, BC, Canada April 12-14, 2012

This meeting will be the opportunity for all those interested in Indigenous and traditional knowledge, its creation, organization and access, to better understand the local and global issues under discussion in various parts of the world and by many types of cultural, heritage, and community groups and organizations. The program includes distinguished speakers from around the world representing many viewpoints and interests. Through the sharing of knowledge and experiences, we hope to advance the understanding of traditional knowledge at both the local and international levels. The results will inform the development of legal instruments, policies and practices related to the organization of Indigenous and traditional knowledge around the world.*

Designing Libraries for the 21st Century

University of Calgary, May 17 - 18, 2012

The Taylor Family Digital Library, which opened in September 2011 at the University of Calgary, offered a unique opportunity to rethink the library’s physical space, technology infrastructure and program of services. This leadership symposium will explore the trends and concepts that shaped the design of the library and informed the development of new service models. Speakers will include library and university administrators, architects, designers, technologists and campus planners from Calgary and across North America.
For information, please contact:
Donna Livingstone, Communications Director
Libraries & Cultural Resources, University of Calgary

ACRL Roadshow Workshop - Scholarly Communications: From Understanding to Engagement
OISE Library, University of Toronto, May 25, 2012

Led by two expert presenters, this structured interactive overview of the scholarly communication system supports individual or institutional strategic planning and action.  The workshop focuses on new methods of scholarly publishing and communication, open access and openness as a principle, copyright and intellectual property and economics. It is intended to provide a foundational understanding for participants and serve as a catalyst for action.*

Google Scholar and Institutional Repositories: Improving IR Discovery
ACRL Webinar, June 6, 2012

11 a.m. Pacific | 12:00 p.m. Mountain | 1:00 p.m. Central | 2:00 p.m. Eastern

Kenning Arlitsch and Patrick O’Brien from the J. Willard Marriott Library at the University of Utah have been conducting research on search engine optimization for digital repositories, with a special emphasis on institutional repositories (IRs). This work has revealed technical and administrative reasons many institutional repositories have a low indexing ratio in Google Scholar. Working with OCLC and Google Scholar, Kenning and Patrick implemented pilot projects that led to the significant improvement of Google Scholar indexing of a sample set from the University of Utah's Institutional Repository, USpace. The resulting research paper,Invisible Institutional Repositories: Addressing the Low Indexing Ratios of IRs in Google Scholar, appears in the current issue of Library Hi Tech.  Join Kenning and Patrick for a fascinating look into this complex issue and what you can do about it.*


*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.