Archives du Cyber-avis

 

E-Lert # 448 / Cyberavis numéro 448

Friday November 25, 2011 / vendredi 25 novembre 2011

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

TOP STORIES IN THIS ISSUE / ARTICLES PRINCIPAUX DANS CE NUMÉRO

IFLA President calls for action
http://www.ifla.org/en/news/ifla-president-calls-for-action
Full statement PDF

Anti-piracy bill meets Web-freedom backlash
http://www.cnn.com/2011/11/18/tech/web/sopa-online-privacy-backlash/index.html

BCNET, CANARIE and the University of Victoria Demo the Future of Canadian Digital Infrastructure
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-16_Demo_SC11_en.pdf

BCNET, CANARIE et l’Université de Victoria illustrent l’avenir de l’infrastructure numérique canadienne
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-16_Demo_SC11_fr.pdf

Feds open up access to government data
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2011/11/16/pol-clement-open-government.html

Coming to terms with online copyright
http://www.lawyersweekly.ca/index.php?section=article&volume=31&number=28&article=3

Setting a course for innovation success
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/setting-a-course-for-innovation-success/article2244090/?utm_medium=Feeds%3A%20RSS%2FAtom&utm_source=Home&utm_content=2244090



NEWS/ NOUVELLES

WIPO SCCR begins push to finalize nature of instrument for the visually impaired
November 25, 2011

Following three days dedicated to a discussion of limitations and exceptions for library and archives at WIPO in Geneva, on Thursday, 24 November, the SCCR moved on to the pressing topic of a legal instrument to increase access to reading material for the visually impaired. The world’s leading organisations representing the reading disabled have been engaged at WIPO for nearly 30 years. Their aim is to end the ‘book famine’ whereby some 95 percent of books published in rich countries and 99 percent in poorer countries are never converted into accessible formats such as audio, large print or braille.*
http://www.ifla.org/en/node/6044


60% of Journals Allow Immediate Archiving of Peer-Reviewed Articles – but it gets much much better…

Peter Millington
SHERPA Services Blog, November 24, 2011

Database improvements made to SHERPA/RoMEO in August 2011 have yielded new statistics on the number of journals that permit self-archiving. A remarkable 94% of journals allow archiving of peer-reviewed articles after any embargo period has expired and any additional restrictions have been complied with. Indeed, for nearly a quarter of journals, the publisher’s version/PDF itself can be archived. Just 1% of journals only permit the pre-peer review submitted version to be archived. This leaves only 5% of journals that do not permit self-archiving of some form or another.*
http://romeo.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2011/11/24/60-of-journals-allow-immediate-archiving-of-peer-reviewed-articles-but-it-gets-much-much-better/


CANARIE and CUCCIO enable research, discovery and learning on the move!

November 24, 2011

CANARIE, Canada’s Advanced Resource and Innovation Network, and the Canadian University Council of CIOs (CUCCIO) today announced another milestone in the transition of the Canadian Access Federation service from CUCCIO to CANARIE, with the launch of a robust information portal on the CANARIE website. The Canadian Access Federation (CAF) enables staff, students, and faculty to access wireless networks and web-based resources, using their home institution credentials, when they are visiting other institutions.*
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-24_CAF_launch_en.pdf

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CANARIE et CUCCIO facilitent la recherche, la découverte et l'apprentissage en mouvement!

24 novembre 2011

CANARIE, le réseau évolué de recherche et d’innovation du Canada, et le Conseil des dirigeants principaux de l’information des universités canadiennes (CUCCIO) ont annoncé aujourd’hui avoir franchi une nouvelle étape dans le transfert de la Fédération canadienne d’accès (FCA) entre les deux organismes, avec l’inauguration d’un solide portail d’information sur le site web de CANARIE. Grâce à la FCA, les employés, les étudiants et les membres du corps professoral des universités ont accès aux réseaux sans fil et aux ressources Web des institutions qu’ils visitent, en utilisant le code d’identification de leur propre institution.*
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-24_CAF_launch_fr.pdf


IFLA President calls for action

November 22, 2011

In a statement to the WIPO Copyright Committee, Ingrid Parent, IFLA President, highlighted the importance of an updated copyright framework for libraries in the digital age. Ingrid Parent stressed that for libraries to fulfill their public-interest mission they need adequate copyright limitations and exceptions to provide balance between the rights of users and creators of protected works. *
http://www.ifla.org/en/news/ifla-president-calls-for-action

Full statement
PDF


It’s Time for a National Digital Public Library

Susan Hildreth
UpNext: the IMLS Blog, November 21, 2011

Institute of Museum and Library Services writes: “The vision of a national digital library has been circulating among librarians, scholars, educators, and private industry representatives since the early 1990s. But no project has yet succeeded in bringing these different interests together. The time is right to launch an ambitious project to realize the great promise of the Internet for the advancement of sharing information and using technology to enable new knowledge and discoveries in the United States and globally.”*
http://blog.imls.gov/?p=768


Quietly, Google Puts History Online

Eric Pfanner
The New York Times, November 20, 2011

When the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, home to the Dead Sea Scrolls, reopened last year after an extensive renovation, it attracted a million visitors in the first 12 months. When the museum opened an enhanced Web site with newly digitized versions of the scrolls in September, it drew a million virtual visitors in three and a half days. The digitization of the scrolls was done by Google under a new initiative aimed at demonstrating that the Internet giant’s understanding of culture extends beyond the corporate kind. The Google Cultural Institute plans to make artifacts like the scrolls — from museums, archives, universities and other collections around the world — accessible to any Internet user.*
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/21/technology/quietly-google-puts-history-online.html?_r=1


Learn About Robots From Stanford Professors, Free of Charge

Alexandra Rice
The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 19, 2011

This fall Stanford University took a step forward in the open-education movement by offering three free online courses, following in the footsteps of several other elite colleges like Yale University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The three classes being offered—”Machine Learning,” “Introduction to Artificial Intelligence,” and “Introduction to Databases“—are among some of the university’s most popular computer-science courses, according to a blog post on the Open Culture Web site.*
http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/learn-about-robots-from-stanford-professors-free-of-charge/34402?sid=wc&utm_source=wc&utm_medium=en


For Job Hunters, Digital Merit Badges

Anne Eisenberg
The New York Times, November 19, 2011

CLOTH and metal badges have long been worn by Boy Scouts, soldiers and others to show off their accomplishments. Now the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is putting millions of dollars into a competition to spur interest in a new type of badge — one that people can display not on their clothing but on a Web site, blog or Facebook page while they are looking for a job.*
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/20/business/digital-badges-may-highlight-job-seekers-skills.html?nl=todaysheadlines&emc=tha26


Anti-piracy bill meets Web-freedom backlash

Doug Gross
CNN, November 18, 2011

A bill moving through Congress is intended, on its surface at least, to do something relatively simple: Crack down on the illegal pirating of movies, music and other copyrighted material. But a major online backlash has evolved, with everyone from lawmakers to Web-freedom advocates to some of technology's biggest players calling it a greedy and dangerous overreach that could have a chilling effect on free speech and innovation.*
http://www.cnn.com/2011/11/18/tech/web/sopa-online-privacy-backlash/index.html


BCNET, CANARIE and the University of Victoria Demo the Future of Canadian Digital Infrastructure

November 16, 2011

BCNET, British Columbia's advanced network and shared IT services organization for higher education, CANARIE, Canada’s Advanced Research and Innovation Network and the University of Victoria today demonstrated the capability to push the upper limits of modern networks by transmitting one petabyte of particle physics data in 24 hours at sustained speeds of 95 gigabits per second, over a single optical channel. Spanning nearly 212 kilometers from the University of Victoria Computing Centre located in Victoria, British Columbia, to the Washington State Convention Centre in Seattle, Washington, the long-range, production-grade 100G network transferred the equivalent of 13 years of HDTV video.*
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-16_Demo_SC11_en.pdf
[CANARIE Connections
Monthly newsletter, November 2011]
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BCNET, CANARIE et l’Université de Victoria illustrent l’avenir de l’infrastructure numérique canadienne

16 novembre 2011

BCNET, le réseau évolué et organisme de services TI partagés de l’enseignement supérieur de la Colombie-Britannique, CANARIE, le réseau évolué de recherche et d’innovation du Canada, et l’Université de Victoria ont montré aujourd’hui qu’il est possible de rehausser le plafond des réseaux modernes en transmettant un péta-octet de données en physique des particules en l’espace de 24 heures, à un débit moyen de 95 gigabits par seconde, sur le même canal optique. Le réseau 100G de près de 212 kilomètres qui relie le centre de calcul de l’Université de Victoria, dans la ville du même nom, en Colombie-Britannique, au centre des congrès de l’État de Washington, à Seattle, a transféré l’équivalent de 13 années d’émissions de télévision à haute définition.*
http://www.canarie.ca/templates/news/releases/2011-11-16_Demo_SC11_fr.pdf

[
Connexions CANARIE, novembre 2011]


Feds open up access to government data

CBC News, November 16, 2011

The federal government is easing restrictions on the use of the taxpayer-funded data it makes available to the public. Since the March launch of the open data program, there had been criticism that licensing rules made it too difficult for anyone to do anything useful with the reams of information posted online.*
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/story/2011/11/16/pol-clement-open-government.html


UW librarians create digital historical street map

Greg Mercer
The Record, November 15, 2011

Researchers at the University of Waterloo’s Map Library have painstakingly overlaid 1955 street maps onto modern Google Earth images, creating a digital database that shows with stunning clarity how much this region has changed and expanded in a half century. The historical street map is the latest phase in an ongoing project to document the region’s visual history. The first phase scanned over 2,000 old air photos of the region from the 1930s, 40s and 50s, making those images available, free of charge, to the public online. The maps speak to the power of geographic information systems, or GIS, a field that combines cartography, statistics and databases to open up whole new worlds of information. UW is one of the first Canadian universities to use GIS extensively*
http://www.therecord.com/local/news/article/625623--uw-librarians-create-digital-historical-street-map


ARTICLES

The Case for a Treaty on Exceptions and Limitations for Libraries and Archives: Background Paper by IFLA, ICA, EIFL and INNOVARTE
Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights Twenty‑third Session, November 22, 2011

The Brazilian delegation at WIPO introduced a background paper written by IFLA, ICA, EIFL and INNOVARTE on the issues libraries and archives are facing. This paper offers a brief explanation of the Treaty proposal drafted by the four organizations. It explains the role of libraries and archives, the copyright problems they face, and how a new treaty could help libraries, archives and their users.*
http://www.ifla.org/en/news/brazil-introduces-background-paper-on-library-and-archive-issues


Setting a course for innovation success

Tom Jenkins
Globe and Mail, November 21, 2011

Everybody knows Thomas Edison invented the light bulb – it’s in the history books and ingrained in the popular psyche. But what most don’t know is that in 1874, a medical student in Toronto named Henry Woodward and a local hotel keeper named Mathew Evans patented a nitrogen-filled light bulb that lasted longer than any others during the period. Unfortunately, Woodward and Evans couldn’t get financing for their work. It was five years later when Edison, the American, invented his light bulb and bought the Canadians’ patents. That story is still playing out 137 years later.*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/setting-a-course-for-innovation-success/article2244090/?utm_medium=Feeds%3A%20RSS%2FAtom&utm_source=Home&utm_content=2244090
[Of related interest: Mike Dolson, CTV News, Kick-starting innovation by increasing the social status of scientists http://www.ctv.ca/generic/generated/static/business/article2248532.html]


How should funding agencies pay open-access fees?

Stewart Shieber
The Occasional Pamphlet, November 16, 2011

At the recent Berlin 9 conference, there was much talk about the role of funding agencies in open-access publication, both through funding-agency-operated journals like the new eLife journal and through direct reimbursement of publication fees. The motivation for underwriting publication fees is simple: Publishers provide valuable services to authors: management of peer review; production (copy-editing and typesetting); filtering, branding, and imprimatur. Although access to scholarly articles can now be provided at essentially zero marginal cost through digital networks, some means for paying for these so-called first-copy costs needs to be found in order to preserve these services. However, OA journals are currently at a significant disadvantage with respect to subscription journals, because universities and funding agencies subsidize the costs of subscription journals in such a way that authors do not need to trade off money used for the subsidy against money used for other purchases.*
http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/pamphlet/2011/11/16/how-should-funding-agencies-pay-open-access-fees/


The unexpected reader

Kevin Smith
Scholarly Communications @ Duke, November 15, 2011

For the sciences especially, it is clear that openness is rapidly becoming the default, because awareness of its benefits is spreading so widely. For years researchers have assumed that, especially for highly technical work, all of the people who needed access to their work and could profit from it had access through the subscription databases.  This assumption has probably always been incorrect, but now the promise of open online access has really blown it up completely.  The possibility of unexpected readers, including computers that can make connections and uncover patterns in large collections of works, is now one of the great advantages of OA and one of the primary sources of the expectation for greater innovation. Now the burden of proof is no longer on open access advocates, it is on those who would claim that the traditional models of publishing and distribution are still workable.*
blogs.library.duke.edu/scholcomm/2011/11/15/the-unexpected-reader/


How to Become an Essential Librarian
Breanne Kirsch
Endnotes: The Journal of the New Members Round Table, Volume 2, Number 1, November 2011

Becoming an essential or indispensable librarian will allow new librarians to have increased job stability and other benefits. Based on personal experiences and research, I have compiled a list of six steps to becoming an essential librarian: find a mentor, read the literature, collaborate, adapt, become a leader, and be persistent.*
http://www.ala.org/nmrt/sites/ala.org.nmrt/files/content/oversightgroups/comm/schres/endnotesvol2no1/2becominganessentiallibrarian.pdf


Academic Libraries on Facebook: An Analysis of Users' Comments

Michalis Gerolimos
D-Lib Magazine, Volume 17, Number 11 / 12 , November/December 2011

Facebook has been a dominant presence in our lives in the past several years and there is no evidence at the moment that it will stop being so. The debate about Facebook has only just begun and academia has been fertile ground for exploring the possibilities that it presents as an educational tool, in general, as well as a tool to publicize services offered by academic libraries. It has been a subject of much discussion and exchange of arguments, with the balance of opinions favoring its use. There are, however, many who believe that we are jumping on the bandwagon too fast, and that there are many things about Facebook use and users that need to be understood before we embrace it as a tool that can be utilized for activities other than leisure and social interaction in a digital space.*
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november11/gerolimos/11gerolimos.html


Literary Research: Costs and Impact

Mark Bauerlein
Policy Paper from the Center for College Affordability and Productivity, November 2011

One of the standard labor practices of research universities is to hire, pay, and promote faculty members on the basis of the research they produce. In the humanities, professors write books and articles and universities reward them accordingly. The system amounts to a considerable expenditure for the institution and a significant portion of faculty time and energy. Is the outcome worth the investment? In the humanities, is research publication the best use of university resources and faculty talent? This paper examines the system of research productivity in literary studies—its policies and expectations, and its costs and outputs.*
http://centerforcollegeaffordability.org/uploads/Literary_Research_Bauerlein.pdf

[Covered by
Inside Higher Ed]


How social technologies are extending the organization

Jacques Bughin et al
McKinsey Quarterly, November 2011

Companies are improving their mastery of social technologies, using them to enhance operations and exploit new market opportunities—key findings of our fifth annual survey on these tools and technologies, in which we asked more than 4,200 global executives how organizations deploy them and the benefits they confer. When adopted at scale across an emerging type of networked enterprise and integrated into the work processes of employees, social technologies can boost a company’s financial performance and market share, respondents say, confirming last year’s survey results.*
http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/High_Tech/Strategy_Analysis/How_social_technologies_are_extending_the_organization_2888

[Note:
Free one-time registration required to access article full text.]


Coming to terms with online copyright

Richard Stobbe
The Lawyers Weekly, November 25, 2011

Who owns the content that is available on the Internet? If you can freely access it, is it fair game to copy it and repackage it? Or do a website’s terms and conditions apply, even without a click-through screen? When Zoocasa (a subsidiary of Rogers Communications Inc.) pulled real estate listings from a Century 21 website and republished them on the Zoocasa site, it set in motion a dispute that resulted in a fascinating decision of the B.C. Supreme Court in Century 21 Canada Ltd. Partnership v. Rogers Communications Inc., [2011] B.C.J. No. 1679. The decision reviews the current state of the law in Canada on the topics of online contracting and copyright, and even the question of whether unauthorized access to a website constitutes trespass. Stobbe summarizes the court’s findings in this article.*
http://www.lawyersweekly.ca/index.php?section=article&volume=31&number=28&article=3


Governance and Recordkeeping Around the World – “Accessing the Web of the Past”

November 2011

The Internet of today is effectively infinite: a universe of more than 1 trillion unique pages, expanding by 200 million tweets every day and by 24 hours of YouTube video every minute. However, the Internet of yesterday is in danger of being lost forever as nearly all of its early content is gone because no one thought to preserve it. A special section of this month's newsletter highlights an initiative called the Memento Project that tracks the Internet over time and whose goal is to archive the World Wide Web properly, so that one can revisit it anytime.*
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/007001/f2/007001-111100-e.pdf

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La tenue de documents et la gouvernance dans le monde -  « Accéder au Web du passé »
Novembre 2011

Aujourd'hui l'univers de l'Internet est, de fait, infini. Il compte plus de un billion de pages uniques, 200 millions de gazouillis par jour et, en 24 heures, un vidéo YouTube s'y ajoute toutes les minutes. Toutefois, l'Internet d'hier risque de disparaître à jamais, tout comme le contenu de ses débuts a presque disparu, car personne n'a songé à le conserver. Une section particulière de ce bulletin mensuel met en évidence une initiative intitulée Projet Memento. L'objectif du projet est d'archiver le Web rigoureusement, de sorte qu'on puisse y revenir à n'importe quel moment.*
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/007001/f2/007001-111100-f.pdf


Actualités de la conservation

BnF, novembre 2011

Nos pratiques de restauration et de conservation ont bien évolué depuis les ateliers de la fin du XIXe siècle jusqu'aux procédés physiques et chimiques que nous mettons en œuvre en 2011. L'étude historique, à travers leurs archives, des ateliers de reliure et de restauration de la Bibliothèque nationale nous donne une première approche de la manière dont on est passé du travail du relieur à celui du restaurateur. Comment est-on amené à faire le choix de dérestaurer un livre traité il y a plus d'un siècle par nos prédécesseurs ? Comment appliquer les principes d'une restauration minimale, lisible et réversible ? Jusqu'où aller dans les technologies pour préserver au mieux les documents qui nous sont confiés ? Comment concilier conservation et développement durable en agissant sur le climat de nos magasins ? Ces questions traversent l'ensemble des politiques de conservation que ce soit en France ou à l'étranger dans les bibliothèques, les musées, les archives, les bâtiments historiques ou l'archéologie.*
http://www.bnf.fr/fr/professionnels/lettre_conservation/x.lettre_conservation_30.html

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet
William H. Dutton et al
UNESCO Publishing, 2011

Over the first decade of the 21st century, the Internet and its convergence with mobile communications has enabled greater access to information and communication resources. In 2010, nearly 2 billion people worldwide – over one quarter of the world’s population – use the Internet. However, during the same period, defenders of digital rights have raised growing concerns over how legal and regulatory trends might be constraining online freedom of expression. Anecdotal accounts of the arrests of bloggers, the filtering of content and the disconnection of users have sparked these concerns. However, they are reinforced by more systematic studies that provide empirical evidence of encroachments on freedom of expression, such as through the increased use of content filtering.*
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/freedom-of-connection-freedom-of-expression-the-changing-legal-and-regulatory-ecology-shaping-the-internet/


World Intellectual Property Report 2011 – The Changing Face of Innovation

November 14, 2011

WIPO's World Intellectual Property Report 2011 focuses on the Changing Face of Innovation.  It describes key trends in the innovation landscape - including the increasingly open, international and collaborative character of the innovation process; the causes of the increased demand for IP rights; and the rising importance of technology markets.  Against this background, the Report explores the ways in which economists' views of the IP system have evolved.  Finally, it takes a closer look at collaborative innovation models, analyzing how best to balance private collaboration and competition, and how best to harness public research for innovation.*
http://www.wipo.int/econ_stat/en/economics/wipr/


IFLA New Webpages on Copyright Limitations and Exceptions

November 15, 2011

IFLA has created a new set of webpages, dedicated to one of the most important policy issues which IFLA is currently dealing with — the issue of copyright limitations and exceptions for libraries. IFLA is working with Member States of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to gain support for a binding international instrument on copyright limitations and exceptions to enable libraries to preserve their collections, support education and research, and lend materials.*
http://www.ifla.org/en/copyright-tlib


Comprendre l'innovation à l'aide des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC)

Josée Beaudoin
CEFRIO (Centre facilitant la recherche et l’innovation dans les organisations), 31 Octobre, 2011

Les technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC) modifient l’essence même des organisations et des entreprises. Ce rapport rend compte de l’étude d’une douzaine d’organisations qui ont su tirer parti des TIC, et suggère les conditions permettant d’utiliser les TIC comme levier d’innovation.*
http://www.cefrio.qc.ca/publications/detail-dune-publication/categorie/rapportsetudes/publication/5230/


EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

6th Handheld Librarian conference
Online, February 1 – 2, 2012

The conference will feature professional development for librarians by librarians. This is the grass-roots nature of a highly successful program. Handheld Librarian VI will build on the success of prior conferences in which an array of presenters share their experiences and insights on topics addressing themes such as e-books, location-based social networking, lending devices, reference services, and mobile technologies having a profound influence on society.*
http://www.handheldlibrarian.org/


International Conference on Information Society

June 25-28, 2012, London, UK

The mission of i-Society 2012 conference is to provide opportunities for collaboration of professionals and researchers to share existing and generate new knowledge in the field of information society. The conference encapsulates the concept of interdisciplinary science that studies the societal and technological dimensions of knowledge evolution in digital society. The i-Society bridges the gap between academia and industry with regards to research collaboration and awareness of current development in secure information management in the digital society.*
http://www.i-society.eu/


Hypertext 2012 - 23rd ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media

Milwaukee, WI. USA, June 25 - 28, 2012

The ACM Hypertext and Social Media conference is a premium venue for high quality peer-reviewed research on hypertext theory, systems and applications. It is concerned with all aspects of modern hypertext research including social media, semantic web, dynamic and computed hypertext and hypermedia as well as narrative systems and applications. The ACM Hypertext and Social Media 2012 conference will focus on exploring, studying and shaping relationships between four important dimensions of links in hyper textual systems: people, data, resources and stories.*
http://www.ht2012.org/

 

*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.