Archives du Cyber-avis



E-Lert # 468 / Cyberavis numéro 468

Friday April 20, 2012 / vendredi 20 avril 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


TOP STORIES IN THIS ISSUE / ARTICLES PRINCIPAUX DANS CE NUMÉRO

CRKN Executive Director Deb deBruijn to Step Down in December 2012
http://www.crkn.ca/communications/crkn-executive-director-deb-debruijn-to-step-down-in-december-2012
La directrice générale du RCDR, Deb deBruijn, quittera son poste en décembre 2012
http://www.crkn.ca/fr/communications/la-directrice-generale-du-rcdr-deb-debruijn-quittera-son-poste-en-decembre-2012

AUCC reaches agreement with Access Copyright
http://www.aucc.ca/media-room/news-and-commentary/association-of-universities-and-colleges-of-canada-reaches-agreement-with-access-copyright
L’AUCC signe une entente sur un modèle de licence avec Access Copyright
http://www.aucc.ca/fr/media-room/news-and-commentary/laucc-signe-une-entente-sur-un-modele-de-licence-avec-access-copyright

Open sesame: When research is funded by the taxpayer or by charities, the results should be available to all without charge
http://www.economist.com/node/21552574

Wellcome Trust joins 'academic spring' to open up science
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/apr/09/wellcome-trust-academic-spring

The Informatics Transform: Re-Engineering Libraries for the Data Decade
http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/210/279

 

NEWS/ NOUVELLES

Canada Joins International Open Government Partnership
Marketwire, April 18, 2012

The Honourable Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board and Minister responsible for FedNor, yesterday announced Canada's membership in the international Open Government Partnership. The Minister presented Canada's Open Government Action Plan and endorsed the Partnership's declaration of principles as Canada's final steps toward membership in the Partnership. The 12 commitments in the Action Plan that will be implemented over the next three years include: issuing a government-wide directive that will make government Information and data available to the public by default; expanding access to Open Data; engaging Canadians through modern Web 2.0 tools; and public engagement on regulatory reform.*
http://www.sys-con.com/node/2252420


NASA Tournament Lab holds a contest for programmers who can improve access to its data archives
Dave Klingler

ars technica, April 18, 2012

NASA is using its NASA Tournament Lab on TopCoder to attack its galactic-scale pile of remote mission data. Over the years, NASA has accumulated over 100 terabytes of data from space missions, and the sheer size of the archive makes it difficult to manage the data and make it available. Anyone can look at the archive at NASA's Planetary Data System website. What NASA would like someone to do is not only make that data more accessible for scientists, but also package it up for non-scientists to access and manipulate.*
http://arstechnica.com/science/news/2012/04/nasa-tournament-lab-holds-a-contest-for-software-ideas.ars


CISPA Isn’t ‘Son of SOPA’ (But That’s Not Saying Much)
Brock N Meeks

Wired, April 18, 2012

Like a lion in tall grass, legislation to bolster America’s defense against cyber-attacks has been lying in wait in congressional committees for years. But now that legislation is about to leap onto the congressional conveyor belt where bills become law. And, once again, internet activists are concerned that congressional overreach may trump good intentions.*
http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2012/04/opinion-meeks-cispa-cyber/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+wired%2Findex+%28Wired%3A+Index+3+%28Top+Stories+2%29%29


A behind-the-scenes look at a federal scientist 'muzzling' incident
CBC News, April 18, 2012

Journalists in Canada have complained that the federal government is muzzling its scientists, making it very difficult to get answers and interviews about publicly funded research conducted within government departments. Tom Spears, science reporter at the Ottawa Citizen, filed an access to information request to find out what happened after he asked Canada's National Research Council for an interview with a scientist about a joint NRC-NASA study. He told CBC's As It Happens what he discovered in the 50 pages of NRC emails he received.*
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/story/2012/04/18/audio-aih-snow-scientist-muzzling.html?cmp=rss


Compute Canada reorganizes and continues to build its case for renewed CFI funding
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 26, Number 6, April 17, 2012

The national organization that promotes and coordinates the use of high performance computing (HPC) in Canadian research is undergoing a major re-organization following a decision last month on its latest funding proposal to the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI). Compute Canada has requested more than $56 million in operations and maintenance costs from the CFI through its Major Science Initiatives (MSI) fund as part of a $140-million, five-year budget.*


CANARIE seeks clarification as it prepares to deal with less money, shorter mandate
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 26, Number 6, April 17, 2012

CANARIE is seeking clarification on the federal Budget's renewal which provided the organization with $40 million over two years — a 17% reduction in funding and far shorter than the five-year commitments CANARIE has received since its inception. President and CEO Jim Roche will meet with Industry Canada officials to gain more insight into the government's intentions for Canada's advanced research and education network and then re-visit its plans to map out a feasible operating strategy.*


British Library buys St Cuthbert Gospel for £9m
Guardian, April 17, 2012

A seventh-century gospel discovered in a saint's coffin more than 900 years ago, and the oldest European book to survive fully intact, has been acquired by the British Library for £9m. The manuscript copy of the Gospel of St John, called the St Cuthbert Gospel, was produced in the north-east of England in the late seventh century and placed in the saint's coffin on the island of Lindisfarne, probably in 698.*
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/apr/17/british-library-buys-gospel


AUCC reaches agreement with Access Copyright
April 16, 2012

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada and Access Copyright announced today that they have negotiated a model licence that will allow universities to reproduce copyright-protected materials in both print and digital formats. The model licence will see institutions pay Access Copyright a royalty of $26.00 per full-time equivalent student annually. This royalty includes what used to be a separate 10 cents per page royalty for coursepack copying, so there will no longer be a separate royalty for such copying. This agreement will be in place until December 31, 2015 and will renew automatically for one-year terms during which any party can cancel or request to renegotiate the agreement.*
http://www.aucc.ca/media-room/news-and-commentary/association-of-universities-and-colleges-of-canada-reaches-agreement-with-access-copyright
/
L’AUCC signe une entente sur un modèle de licence avec Access Copyright
16 avril 2012

L’Association des universités et collèges du Canada (AUCC) et Access Copyright ont annoncé aujourd’hui qu’ils avaient négocié un modèle de licence qui permettra aux universités de reproduire en formats papier et numérique des œuvres protégées par droit d’auteur. En vertu du modèle de licence, les établissements verseront à Access Copyright une redevance annuelle de 26 $ par étudiant équivalent temps plein. Cette redevance comprend des droits distincts de 10 cents la page autrefois perçus pour les photocopies des compléments de cours. Il n’y aura donc plus de droits distincts pour ces photocopies. Cette entente restera en vigueur jusqu’au 31 décembre 2015 et sera automatiquement reconduite pour des durées d’un an pendant lesquelles l’une ou l’autre des parties peuvent l’annuler ou demander qu’elle soit renégociée.*
http://www.aucc.ca/fr/media-room/news-and-commentary/laucc-signe-une-entente-sur-un-modele-de-licence-avec-access-copyright


UNESCO Chief Appeals for Protection of Timbuktu's Documentary Heritage
AllAfrica.com, April 16, 2012

Reports that rebels have over-run and looted centres containing thousands of ancient books and documents in Mali's historic city of Timbuktu has led the head of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to appeal to all relevant authorities to be on the alert against any attempt to traffic items stolen from these centres. Timbuktu's centres contain ancient documents dating back to the city's period of glory between the 12th and 15th centuries that bear witness to the rich history of the city as a cultural crossroads and centre of learning.*
http://allafrica.com/stories/201204170345.html


Notification of Deficit Reduction Action Plan Implications for PWGSC's Publishing Program
April 13, 2012

Further to the 2012 Budget, the decision has been made to completely transition all publications published by the Publishing Program and publications provided by departments to the Depository Services Program from traditional print to exclusively electronic publication in two years. Recent statistics from publications.gc.ca show a significant increase in the number of unique visitors to the site which was close to 2.2 million and the number of downloads close to 10 million annually.*
http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/home.html
/

Avis concernant les répercussions du Plan d'action pour la réduction du déficit sur le Programme d'Éditions de TPSGC
13 avril 2012

À la suite du budget de 2012, la décision a été prise que toutes les publications publiées par le Programme d'Éditions, et des publications fournies par les ministères au Programme des services de dépôt passeront de l'impression traditionnelle vers une publication électronique seulement, et ce dans deux ans. Des statistiques récentes de publications.gc.ca montrent une augmentation significative du nombre de visiteurs uniques sur le site de près de 2,2 millions et du nombre de téléchargements qui se situe à près de 10 millions par année.*
http://publications.gc.ca/site/fra/accueil.html


Bodleian and Vatican libraries to digitize ancient texts
April 12, 2012

The Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford and the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV) are announcing a new collaborative digitization project with the aim of opening up repositories of ancient texts and 1.5 million pages from their remarkable collections freely available online to researchers and the general public worldwide. The initiative has been made possible by a £2 million award from the Polonsky Foundation.*
http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/news/bodleian-and-the-vatican-libraries


CRKN Executive Director Deb deBruijn to Step Down in December 2012
April 5, 2012

Deb deBruijn has announced that she will step down from her position as Executive Director of the Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN) at the end of December 2012, following thirteen years of service to the organization. Her early announcement provides the CRKN Board of Directors with time to undertake a consultative recruitment process and ensure a smooth transition of leadership. As CRKN’s first Executive Director, deBruijn was appointed to the position in January 2000 as a result of a successful proposal to the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) from sixty-four Canadian universities, aimed at acquiring digital content in science, technology, health and environmental disciplines.*
http://www.crkn.ca/communications/crkn-executive-director-deb-debruijn-to-step-down-in-december-2012
/

La directrice générale du RCDR, Deb deBruijn, quittera son poste en décembre 2012
5 avril 2012

Deb deBruijn a annoncé qu’elle quittera la direction générale du Réseau canadien de documentation pour la recherche (RCDR) à la fin de décembre 2012, après 13 ans de service à l’organisation. En annonçant tout de suite son départ, elle donne au Conseil d’administration du RCDR le temps de mener une consultation pour le recrutement de son successeur et d’assurer une transition en douceur à la direction. Mme deBruijn a été nommée première directrice générale du RCDR en janvier 2000 suite à une proposition de 64 universités canadiennes qu’a retenue la Fondation canadienne pour l’innovation (FCI) et qui visait l’acquisition de contenu numérique dans les disciplines des sciences, de la technologie, de la santé et de l’environnement.*
http://www.crkn.ca/fr/communications/la-directrice-generale-du-rcdr-deb-debruijn-quittera-son-poste-en-decembre-2012

 

ARTICLES

A Primer on Ebooks for Libraries Just Starting With Downloadable Media
Sue Polanka

The Digital Shift, April 18, 2012

There are a variety of reasons for purchasing ebooks, and the first is access. Offering ebooks extends content beyond the physical boundaries of the library. In a digital world, patrons aren’t restricted to brick-and-mortar hours. That said, ebooks have just as many reasons not to be purchased. They are more expensive than print, and their use is restricted with digital rights management (DRM). Content is often leased rather than owned owing to vendor license agreements. Moreover, annual fees are often required to guarantee perpetual access to content.*
http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/04/ebooks/an-ebook-primer-many-small-libraries-are-still-just-getting-started-with-ebooks-heres-a-helpful-guide-on-those-first-steps/


Open sesame: When research is funded by the taxpayer or by charities, the results should be available to all without charge
The Economist, April 14, 2012

Publishing obscure academic journals is that rare thing in the media industry: a licence to print money. An annual subscription to Tetrahedron, a chemistry journal, will cost your university library $20,269; a year of the Journal of Mathematical Sciences will set you back $20,100. In 2011 Elsevier, the biggest academic-journal publisher, made a profit of £768m ($1.2 billion) on revenues of £2.1 billion. Such margins (37%, up from 36% in 2010) are possible because the journals’ content is largely provided free by researchers, and the academics who peer-review their papers are usually unpaid volunteers. The journals are then sold to the very universities that provide the free content and labour. For publicly funded research, the result is that the academics and taxpayers who were responsible for its creation have to pay to read it. This is not merely absurd and unjust; it also hampers education and research.*
http://www.economist.com/node/21552574


Wellcome Trust joins 'academic spring' to open up science
Alok Jha

Guardian, April 9, 2012

One of the world's largest funders of science is to throw its weight behind a growing campaign to break the stranglehold of academic journals and allow all research papers to be shared online. Nearly 9,000 researchers have already signed up to a boycott of journals that restrict free sharing as part of a campaign dubbed the "academic spring" by supporters due to its potential for revolutionizing the spread of knowledge. But the intervention of the Wellcome Trust, the largest non-governmental funder of medical research after the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is likely to galvanize the movement.*
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/apr/09/wellcome-trust-academic-spring
[ Other articles covering Open Access in the Guardian: Persistent myths about open access scientific publishing http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/2012/apr/17/persistent-myths-open-access-scientific-publishing / Science must be liberated from the paywalls of publishers
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/apr/10/science-open-access-publishing?intcmp=239 ]


Innovation in Higher Education? Hah!
Ann Kirschner

The Chronicle Review, April 8, 2012

College leaders need to move beyond talking about transformation before it's too late. The only thing within academe that has moved rapidly is tuition.*
http://chronicle.com/article/Innovations-in-Higher/131424/


For Archivists, ‘Occupy’ Movement Presents New Challenges
Jeffrey R. Young

The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 3, 2012

Howard Besser, a New York University archivist, recently got into a shouting match at an Occupy protest, making a case for why the activists should preserve records of their activities. “Within the Occupy movement there’s a huge suspicion of traditional organizations, including libraries and universities,” Mr. Besser explained Monday at the spring meeting of the Coalition for Networked Information. The shouting match was an extreme moment, but Mr. Besser and other archivists on a panel here explained that they have had to take unusual steps to try to gather a snapshot for future scholars of the nationwide Occupy protests, which call attention to income inequality in the United States.* HTML


The Informatics Transform: Re-Engineering Libraries for the Data Decade
Liz Lyon

The International Journal of Digital Curation, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2012

In this paper, Liz Lyon explores how libraries can re-shape to better reflect the requirements and challenges of today’s data-centric research landscape. The Informatics Transform presents five assertions as potential pathways to change, which will help libraries to re-position, re-profile, and restructure to better address research data management challenges. The paper deconstructs the institutional research lifecycle and describes a portfolio of ten data support services which libraries can deliver to support the research lifecycle phases. Institutional roles and responsibilities for research data management are also unpacked, building on the framework from the earlier Dealing with Data Report. Finally, the paper examines critical capacity and capability challenges and proposes some innovative steps to addressing the significant skills gaps.*
http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/210/279


Trends in Research Librarianship Literature: A Social Network Analysis of Articles
Umut Al et al

LIBER Quarterly, Volume 21, Number 3/4, 2012

The purpose of this article is to identify the bibliometric characteristics of research librarianship literature and to visualize relationships in research librarianship by means of social network analysis. It was found out that the majority (66%) of the articles had single authorship and College & Research Libraries is the prominent journal among the research librarianship journals. It was also observed that Peter Hernon is the most productive and cited author in the field. The findings of this study can be used by the research librarianship community to better understand their core literature.*
http://liber.library.uu.nl/publish/issues/2011-3_4/index.html?000554


Tantalus unbound: government policy and innovation in Canada
Jeffrey G. MacIntosh

University of Calgary, SPP Research Papers, Volume 5, Issue 8, March 2012

The future of the western industrialized economies, including Canada, depends on healthy and innovative high-tech sectors. In 2010, this realization spurred the Canadian government to commission a blue-ribbon panel charged with assessing the state of programs designed to support business and commercially oriented research and development. The resultant Jenkins Report contains many useful recommendations aimed at consolidating disparate offerings, measuring existing initiatives’ performance and fostering federal-provincial cooperation to improve programs’ impact on the tech sector. In judiciously assessing the Jenkins Report’s recommendations and offering alternatives, this paper serves as a much-needed corrective, offering policy makers clear guidance in securing Canada’s economic future.*
http://www.policyschool.ucalgary.ca/sites/default/files/research/macintosh-final.pdf


Out of the Classroom and Into the Laboratory: Teaching Digital Curation Virtually and Experientially
Ross Harvey and Jeannette A. Bastian

IFLA Journal, Volume 38, Number 1, March 2012

As graduate LIS/IS education seeks to respond to intensifying virtual information and preservation environments, it becomes increasingly clear that innovative teaching tools and methods are required. These teaching tools must complement and enhance state-of-the-art curriculum offerings in subjects such as digital curation. The digital curation courses offered in the LIS School at Simmons College, Boston illustrate an innovative virtual and experiential approach. At the heart of these courses is the Digital Curriculum Laboratory, a virtual archives and preservation laboratory. This paper discusses and demonstrates the relationship between a digital curriculum laboratory, the successful delivery of a digital curation curriculum and its wider international implications.*
http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/publications/ifla-journal/ifla-journal-38-1_2012.pdf
[Article begins on p. 25 of pdf.]

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

OAPEN-UK

OAPEN-UK is an Arts and Humanities Research Council and JISC funded project exploring the issues impacting upon the publishing of scholarly monographs in the humanities and social sciences (HSS). The project is working with Taylor &Francis, Palgrave Macmillan, Berg Publishers, Liverpool University Press, University Wales Press, research funders, researchers and universities, to understand the challenges and steps required to move towards an open access publishing model for scholarly monographs.*
http://oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org/


Guidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education
UNESCO, 2011

Open educational resources (OER) are materials used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared. These Guidelines outline key issues and make suggestions for integrating OER into higher education. Their purpose is to encourage decision makers in governments and institutions to invest in the systematic production, adaptation and use of OER and to bring them into the mainstream of higher education in order to improve the quality of curricula and teaching and to reduce costs.*
http://www.col.org/resources/publications/Pages/detail.aspx?PID=364


ERS: Emergency Response and Salvage

Based on Heritage Preservation's Emergency Response & Salvage Wheel, a well-respected cultural heritage protection tool, the Emergency Response and Salvage app outlines critical stages of disaster response, such as stabilizing the environment and assessing damage. It also provides practical salvage tips for nine types of collections: photographs, books and documents, paintings, electronic records, textiles, furniture, ceramics/stone/metal, organic materials, and natural history specimens.*
http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ers-emergency-response-salvage/id513081280?mt=8

 

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Contested Terrain: Shaping the Future of Academic Librarianship
Ottawa, Ontario, October 26 – 27, 2012

This conference will examine best practices of academic librarianship, including the role of leadership within the library community and the use of technology as a liberating force for positive social change. Participants will also discuss and develop action plans to protect our profession and the critical public good it provides.*
http://www.caut.ca/uploads/Conference_Agenda_2012_v2.pdf

 

*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.