Archives du Cyber-avis


E-Lert # 454 / Cyberavis numéro 454

Friday January 13, 2012 / vendredi 13 janvier 2012

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l’intention des membres de l’ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants : recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.


CARL COMMUNIQUÉ / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

CARL Welcomes its newest member library directors

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries is pleased to welcome its newest library director members: Catherine Steeves – Acting Chief Information Officer and Chief Librarian, University of Guelph, Jonathan Bengston – University Librarian, University of Victoria, and Sonia L’Heureux, Assistant Parliamentary Librarian who will be overseeing the Library of Parliament while the Parliamentary Librarian position is vacant.

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L’ABRC souhaite la bienvenue à ses plus nouveaux directeurs membres

L’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada est heureuse de souhaiter la bienvenue à ses plus nouveaux directeurs membres: Catherine Steeves – Acting Chief Information Officer and Chief Librarian, University of Guelph, Jonathan Bengston – University Librarian, University of Victoria, et Sonia L’Heureux, Vice-bibliothécaire parlementaire qui surveillera la Bibliothèque de Parlement pendant que la position de Bibliothécaire Parlementaire est vacante.

 

Deadline extension: CARL Inaugural Librarians' Research Institute

Owing to closures for the holidays, the deadline for submissions for participants to the Librarians’ Research Institute has been extended until February 1, 2012. Please see
http://carl-abrc.ca/en/research-libraries/librarians-research-institute/participants.html
for more information on the nomination process.

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Date limite prolongé: Premier Institut de recherche des bibliothécaires de l'ABRC

Étant donné que les institutions ont été fermé pendant les fêtes, la date limite pour les mises en candidature des participants à l’institut de recherche pour les bibliothécaires a été prolongé jusqu’au 1er février 2012. Veuillez consulter http://carl-abrc.ca/fr/bibliotheques-de-recherche/institut-de-recherche-des-bibliothecaires/candidats.html pour plus amples renseignements sur le processus de candidature.

 

NEWS/ NOUVELLES

CLA Challenges Survey for 2011

This is the 6th annual survey of challenges to library materials and policies that is being conducted by the CLA Intellectual Freedom Advisory Committee. Responses will help inform the Committee's policy and advocacy work on behalf of the CLA membership. Results are shared widely, for example, with the Book and Periodical Council [of Canada] and the Office of Intellectual Freedom of the American Library Association. The database is available without charge to anyone requesting it. The purpose of the survey is to gather data about the nature and outcomes of challenges to library materials and policies (e.g., collection management, access to Internet and facilities) initiated in publicly funded, Canadian libraries (e.g., public, school, academic, and government) between January 1 and December 31, 2011. One form should be submitted for each challenge to an item or a policy.
Survey in English: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/DF56YJP
Survey in French: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/D3HT99K
In order for preliminary findings to be shared in time for "Freedom to Read Week," participants are asked to submit responses if at all possible by February 6, 2012. Please direct questions about the survey to Alvin Schrader at alvin.schrader@ualberta.ca or 780-405-7546.


Ontario universities, hospitals ‘in shock’ after $66-million funding cut
Karen Howlett and James Bradshaw
Globe and Mail, January 9, 2012

Research projects at universities and hospitals on everything from advanced health technologies to digital media have ground to a halt after the Ontario government pulled the plug on $66-million in funding and loan programs – and there could be more to come. The government withdrew the research funding to free up money for other programs that it says have a better track record of creating jobs. A senior government official hinted that other grant programs could also be on the chopping block as every ministry faces pressure to find savings.*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ontario-universities-hospitals-in-shock-after-66-million-funding-cut/article2296894/

 

Lancement de « OpenAIREplus »
9 janvier 2012

Le lancement du programme européen « OpenAIREplus » devrait établir un lien entre les publications scientifiques, les données de recherches et les sources de financement qui y sont associées. Il utilise l’infrastructure du projet OpenAIRE qui donne la possibilité aux scientifiques de déposer en Open Access leurs publications et leurs résultats de recherches financés par la Commission européenne en Open Access.  Ces données de recherches peuvent dorénavant être archivées comme des banques de données ou des fichiers audiovisuels, et peuvent être liées avec les publications qui y sont associées.*
http://couperin.org/fr/groupes-de-travail-et-projets-deap/open-aire/item/956-openaire-plus

 

L'intelligence artificielle au service de l'archéologie
Le Devoir, 9 janvier 2012

L'intelligence artificielle, qui en était encore récemment à ses balbutiements, se met maintenant au service de la science. Des archéologues américains y ont eu recours cette année pour identifier, dans le confort de leurs laboratoires, des sites de fouille... sur le terrain. Une tendance qui gagne en popularité? Publiée récemment dans la revue Nature, cette étude explique comment des chercheurs ont réussi à déterminer des sites de fouilles archéologiques à l'aide d'images satellitaires et de réseaux informatiques «neuronaux», un modèle de calcul utilisé en intelligence artificielle (IA).*
http://www.ledevoir.com/societe/science-et-technologie/339837/l-intelligence-artificielle-au-service-de-l-archeologie

 

Call to action: Oppose H.R. 3699, a bill to block public access to publicly funded research
Alliance for Taxpayer Access, January 6, 2012

A new bill, The Research Works Act (H.R.3699), designed to roll back the NIH Public Access Policy and block the development of similar policies at other federal agencies, has been introduced into the U.S. House of Representatives. Co-sponsored by Darrell Issa (R-CA) and Carolyn Maloney (D-NY), it was introduced on December 16, 2011, and referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Essentially, the bill seeks to prohibit federal agencies from conditioning their grants to require that articles reporting on publicly funded research be made accessible to the public online.*
http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/action/action_access/12-0106.shtml

 

2012 could be busy year for Internet technology law and policy in Canada
Michael Geist
Toronto Star, January 1, 2012

Technology law and policy is notoriously unpredictable but 2012 promises to be a busy year. Geist offers his best guesses for the coming months.*
http://www.thestar.com/business/article/1108345--2012-could-be-busy-year-for-internet-technology-law-and-policy-in-canada

 

U.S. Copyright Office Approves Fix for Sound Recordings
District Dispatch, December 30, 2011

The United States Copyright Office has recommended that pre-1972 sound recordings should be protected by federal copyright law in its Report on Federal Copyright Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings. (PDF) Currently, these older sound recordings are protected by state laws under which copyright exceptions such as library and archival preservation and fair use are uncertain.  This uncertainty leads to caution on the part of music librarians and archivists to actively preserve sound recordings— some in fragile or obsolete formats and extremely rare.*
http://www.districtdispatch.org/2011/12/u-s-copyright-office-approves-fix-for-sound-recordings/

 

Legislation threatens to turn Internet into an all-you-can-sue buffet
Ivor Tossel
Globe and Mail, December 28, 2011

Just when you thought the odds of getting that long-promised apocalypse in 2012 were starting to dwindle, the U.S. government steps in to oblige. Even if the planet manages to survive the year intact, there’s a very real chance that the Internet could be a very different place in a year’s time, thanks to new laws that are brewing in Washington and Ottawa. Already, the Internet is up in arms, and the tenor of discussion has risen from “This might be a bad idea” to full-blown Armageddon.  Here’s what’s afoot: A pair of competing bills are working their way through the U.S. Congress that will take the crackdown on file-sharing to new extremes.*
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/technology/digital-culture/ivor-tossell/legislation-threatens-to-turn-internet-into-an-all-you-can-sue-buffet/article2284998/

 

'Wikipedia of Maps' Challenges Google
Christopher Mims
Technology Review, December 26, 2011

OpenStreetMap is exactly what its name implies—a wiki of maps and location data to which anyone can contribute, just like Wikipedia. With the help of some deep-pocketed boosters, including MapQuest and Microsoft, it's suddenly a legitimate challenger to the hegemony of Maps.Google.Com. Google announced two months ago that it was going to start charging the heaviest users of its Maps API, which countless sites use to geo-locate their data.*
http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/mimssbits/27443/

 

E-book prices spark battle between publishers, retailers
CBC News, December 16, 2011

The issue of e-book prices has sparked a global controversy as publishers lock horns with book retailers over how much consumers should pay. Amazon has challenged some publishers on the question of the price of a book – the online giant would prefer to set a price point of $9.99. Some consumers, online retailers and even authors complain existing e-book prices are too high, compared to the cost of print books.*
http://www.cbc.ca/news/arts/story/2011/12/16/e-book-pricing.html

 

Editorial team announced for ‘eLife’, the new open access journal to be launched in 2012
November 7, 2011

eLife’ is a new top-tier, open access research journal to be launched in 2012 with the support of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust. The senior editorial team will comprise internationally renowned, active researchers from Europe, North America and Asia. They will operate entirely independently of the founding organisations and will ensure fair, swift and high-quality editorial decisions.*
http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/Media-office/Press-releases/2011/WTVM053367.htm

 

ARTICLES

What your students need to know about intellectual property
Tara Siebarth
University Affairs, January 9, 2012

If you’re a graduate student, getting an offer to work in a private-sector laboratory can be an exciting opportunity. You sign the paperwork and dive right into your work. But what happens if you make a discovery in that lab? Who owns that idea – you or the company? Did the paperwork specify this? And what exactly is the difference between a trademark and a patent? Knowing your rights when it comes to intellectual property is extremely important, whether you're working on your own, in a university lab or for a company.*
http://www.universityaffairs.ca/what-your-students-need-to-know-about-intellectual-property.aspx

 

Mobilizing knowledge: Sharing our research more effectively
Ben Levin
University Affairs, January 9, 2012

Academics do research for a reason – because we want to learn things and we want others to know about what we are learning. Universities are major drivers of the development of knowledge in all modern societies, and the research done in universities often has great importance for society. Yet the evidence suggests that neither universities corporately nor individual researchers are organized to ensure that our research knowledge flows well to others who could benefit from it. This is especially so in the social sciences and humanities and some of the professions; processes and supports are stronger in the natural and applied sciences.*
http://www.universityaffairs.ca/mobilizing-knowledge.aspx

 

Surfer sans entraves
Yves Eudes
Le Monde, 7 janvier 2012

Un café à la mode, dans un quartier fréquenté par les étudiants de Manhattan. En cette fin de matinée, la salle est bondée, mais pas trop bruyante, car la moitié des clients lisent ou écrivent sur leur ordinateur portable. David Darts, responsable du département d'art de la New York University, entre discrètement, avec à la main un lunch box d'écolier - une petite boîte en fer noire, décorée d'une tête de mort. Discrètement, il va la poser sur une table, dans un coin. Aussitôt, plusieurs clients, qui cherchent le réseau WiFi du café pour aller sur Internet, voient apparaître sur leur écran une icône inédite : " Pirate Box, Share Freely !" (partagez librement). Ils se connectent en un clic, mais au lieu d'arriver sur un site Internet, ils se retrouvent face à une tête de mort, accompagnée d'un menu qui leur propose de participer à une messagerie en direct, de télécharger des textes et des musiques, ou de déposer leurs propres fichiers pour les offrir aux autres clients connectés.*
http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2012/01/07/surfer-sans-entraves_1627059_651865.html

 

Publishers vs. Libraries: An E-Book Tug of War
Randall Stross
The New York Times, December 24, 2011

In some publishers’ eyes, borrowing an e-book from a library has been too easy. Worried that people will click to borrow an e-book from a library rather than click to buy it, almost all major publishers in the United States now block libraries’ access to the e-book form of either all of their titles or their most recently published ones.*
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/25/business/for-libraries-and-publishers-an-e-book-tug-of-war.html?_r=1

 

How Luther went viral - Five centuries before Facebook and the Arab spring, social media helped bring about the Reformation
The Economist, December 17, 2011

IT IS a familiar-sounding tale: after decades of simmering discontent a new form of media gives opponents of an authoritarian regime a way to express their views, register their solidarity and co-ordinate their actions. The protesters’ message spreads virally through social networks, making it impossible to suppress and highlighting the extent of public support for revolution. The combination of improved publishing technology and social networks is a catalyst for social change where previous efforts had failed. That’s what happened in the Arab spring. It’s also what happened during the Reformation, nearly 500 years ago, when Martin Luther and his allies took the new media of their day—pamphlets, ballads and woodcuts—and circulated them through social networks to promote their message of religious reform.*
http://www.economist.com/node/21541719

 

How the internet transforms scientific discovery
CBC News, December 14, 2011

Internet users with no scientific training have helped discover a new type of galaxy and crack a problem in protein biochemistry that stumped experts, thanks to the power of the internet. Networked science, also called open science, makes use of collaborative tools such as wikis, blogs, online databases, and games to tap the collective talents or intelligence of many people, including non-scientists — sometimes hundreds of thousands of them — in the pursuit of scientific discoveries.*
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/story/2011/12/14/spark-open-science.html

 

Academic Librarianship: A Crisis or an Opportunity?
Diane Granfield et al
The Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 
Volume 6, Number 2, 2011

“Academic Librarianship: A Crisis or an Opportunity?” was a one day symposium held at the University of Toronto on November 18, 2011. The symposium provided a forum for stakeholders to consider recent troubling events and developments in the academic library community. The day was organized around a series of panels. A number of key stakeholders spoke to specific themes: 1) the role of national and provincial labour organizations and local faculty associations; 2) trends and challenges in education and curriculum at library schools; 3) the role of library associations and professional accreditation; and 4) librarians on the front lines. The Symposium emerged with a clear call to action, that it was time to become more pro-active in a collective manner, and to use the tremendous interest generated by this event as an opportunity to seek solutions to the challenges academic librarians face in Canada.*
http://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/1678

 

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

22 outils gratuits pour visualiser et analyser les données
Le Monde Informatique, 5 janvier 2012

Pour faire parler des données, rien ne vaut une panoplie d'outils de visualisation graphique. Pour ceux dont le budget est limité, il existe de nombreux outils gratuitement accessibles pour visualiser les données et faire apparaître des modèles ou des tendances.*
http://www.lemondeinformatique.fr/actualites/lire-22-outils-gratuits-pour-visualiser-et-analyser-les-donnees-2eme-partie-47276.html


Research Brokering in Education

Research Brokering in Education is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER) facilitated by the Knowledge Network team at the University of Toronto / Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. RBE relies on the voluntary participation of partners who contribute practical strategies, helpful resources and technical advice to support the exchange of advanced knowledge on education across stakeholders and regions.*
http://oere.oise.utoronto.ca/rbe/about-rbe/

 

Option Libre. Du bon usage des licences libres
Benjamin Jean
Framasoft, décembre 2011

Comme toutes les formes d’engagements contractuels, les licences libres ne sont que des artefacts, des outils construits à la plume de l’homme afin d’organiser un cadre de coopération. Aussi, au même titre que tout autre artefact, elles nous façonnent autant qu’on les a façonnées et risquent d’empêcher — ou favoriser — l’apparition de nouveaux usages. Il semble donc indispensable d’identifier leurs origines, les enjeux qu’elles soulèvent ainsi que les déclinaisons possibles du phénomène afin de mesurer leur portée actuelle et future sur notre société. Ces licences libres fondent le support juridique d’un mouvement qu’on appelle « le Libre ». Le dynamisme et l’accumulation des succès de ce modèle  forcent l’admiration et attirent les investisseurs qui, au-delà des arguments de coût et de souplesse, y associent une garantie de performance, de fiabilité et d’innovation.*
http://framabook.org/option-libre-du-bon-usage-des-licences-libres

[Versions en format
E-Pub, HTML et PDF disponibles pour telecharger grutuitement]

 

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries
Free Webcast,January 26, 3:00–4:00 p.m. EST

ARL is offering a free webcast on Thursday, January 26, 3:00–4:00 p.m. eastern time, to discuss the forthcoming ARL Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries. The Code facilitators—Patricia Aufderheide of the Center for Social Media at American University, Brandon Butler of ARL, and Peter Jaszi of the American University Law School—will deliver a brief presentation on the contents of the Code, followed by a question-and-answer session. The webcast will offer academic and research librarians a chance to learn about the Code’s substance on the day of its formal release and to ask questions and share ideas with the team of facilitators at the earliest stages of the public rollout.*
http://www.visualwebcaster.com/event.asp?id=84533

 

SPARC Open Access Meeting
Kansas City, Missouri, March 11 – 13, 2012

SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) has announced it will host its first North American meeting on Open Access in 2012. The first of its kind, the event will expand on the successful biennial SPARC Digital Repositories meeting. With a focus on “Collaborative strategies for advancing scholarship,” the program will examine recent developments and track key trends in the growth of open-access practices and policies in the scholarly and scientific research arenas.*
http://sparc.arl.org/civicrm/event/info?reset=1&id=94

 

WILU 2012
Grant MacEwan University, Edmonton, Alberta, May 23-25, 2012

Inspired by the words of the host institution’s namesake, this year the conference theme of “Vigour, Thrift, and Resourcefulness” builds upon Grant MacEwan’s legacy and encourages participants to reflect on how we might ensure sustainable, accountable information literacy programs that build on past successes while embracing growth and change. The Workshop for Instruction in Library Use (WILU) is an annual conference that highlights latest the research, education, and innovations in the areas of information literacy, library instruction, and research skills.*
http://sites.macewan.ca/wilu2012/

 

Canadian Association for Information Science - 40th Annual Conference
Wilfrid Laurier University/University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, May 31 - June 2, 2012

The theme of the CAIS/ACSI 2012 conference relates to how information is searched, retrieved, used, made sense of, and understood in a local and global context. The cultural, political, sociological, technological, and historial contexts are central in understanding how people interact with information. The conference will provide information scientists and practitioners with a forum for the presentation and debate of innovative research on all aspects of the evolving field of information science. The conference committee strongly encourages submissions from both practitioners and academics.*
http://www.cais-acsi.ca/

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L’Association Canadienne des sicences de l’information - 40e congrès annuel
Wilfrid Laurier University et University of Waterloo
Waterloo (Ontario)
31 mai au 2 juin 2012

Le thème du 40e congrès annuel de l’ACSI/CAIS s’articule autour de la manière avec laquelle l’information est cherchée, utilisée et comprise localement et mondialement. Les contextes culturels, politiques, sociologiques, technologiques et historiques sont centraux pour comprendre comment nous interagissons avec l’information. Le congrès annuel de l’ACSI/CAIS offre un cadre pour présenter des travaux de recherche sur tous les aspects des sciences de l’information. Les coprésidentes invitent les contributions des chercheurs universitaires autant que des professionnels de l’information.*
http://www.cais-acsi.ca/index_fr.htm

 

*Excerpted or adapted from the original source. / *Extrait tirée ou adaptée de la source originale.